Minister for Education and Training, the Hon. Christopher Pyne MP, has announced 252 new research grants under the Linkage Projects scheme for 2015.

A total of $86.9 million has been awarded in this 2015 round. For full outcome data view the Funding Announcements web page in our Research Management System.

A full list of funded projects is below:

State Lead Chief Investigator Project Summary Partner Organisations (List of Names) Admin Organisation Total Project Funding Project Duration in years
Australian Capital Territory Professor Michael Djordjevic This project aims to reduce reliance on nitrogen fertilisers without reducing crop yield. Global food security relies on using high-yielding grain varieties and nitrogen-based fertilisers. Since 1950, fertiliser use has increased 20-fold but the yield benefits of this use are declining. Crops only absorb 30–50 per cent of the applied fertiliser and the unused nitrogen causes environmental damage which is costly to mitigate. The novel technology platform of the project aims to develop new crops with more expansive root systems that use applied nitrogen fertiliser more efficiently and new legume varieties that symbiotically fix more nitrogen in an ecologically-sustainable way. MONSANTO COMPANY  The Australian National University $240,870 2
Australian Capital Territory Professor Robert Elliman This project seeks to explore a low-temperature approach to stoichiometry control using direct oxide synthesis and defect-engineering based on ion-implantation, a routine semiconductor fabrication process. This has the potential to improve device manufacturability and functionality. In thin film form, transition metal oxides can be subjected to intense electric fields and exhibit characteristic resistance changes suitable for non-volatile memory applications. However, their electrical response depends critically on stoichiometry and this must be precisely engineered for optimal device performance. This project aims to develop next-generation memory devices as a replacement for current flash memory.  The proposed technology uses resistance changes in functional-oxides to store information, and offers the potential for smaller and faster memory. APPLIED MATERIALS The Australian National University $410,000 3
Australian Capital Territory Professor Renee Fry-McKibbin This project aims to examine the effectiveness of economic diplomacy in contributing to Australia’s exports and inflow of foreign investment. The government’s economic diplomacy agenda guides a substantial portion of the activity of the Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). With the collaboration of DFAT, the project will develop a dataset to capture characteristics of Australia’s diplomatic sector, export and foreign direct investment ; use a gravity model to identify the determinants of trade and investment through diplomacy for Australia; and estimate the benefits to specific export industries. The project aims to also inform DFAT’s resource allocation, risk management and to assist advocacy in the public domain on trade and investment issues. DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS & TRADE The Australian National University $110,000 2
Australian Capital Territory Dr Andrew Kingston This project aims to build on two new ideas in data acquisition and 3D image reconstruction to bring 3D X-ray microscopy or computed tomography (CT) into advanced research use as well as common industrial applications. In the past 10 years, CT has improved our understanding in areas ranging from the evolution of life and osteoporosis to composite material failure and oil recovery. However, the full potential of CT remains unrealised because crucial features in structure and composition are overlooked by simplistic algorithms. Users cannot directly capture quantities of interest such as key compositional variation or defects, and workflows are poorly adapted for large-scale use in industrial fabrication or phenomics. This project aims to address these shortcomings using advanced mathematics and algorithms. FEI COMPANY The Australian National University $559,000 3
Australian Capital Territory Associate Professor Wojciech Lipinski This project seeks to advance the field of heat transfer in high-temperature systems involving liquid metals, with emphasis on energy storage and solar power technologies. The concept couples a tubular sodium boiler with a sodium chloride phase-change storage system for continuous energy supply. Sodium chloride is low cost and has a melting temperature suitable for a wide range of industrial processes. The project plans to address the challenge of sodium stability in highly irradiated tubes by investigating mass, momentum, energy and radiative transport in liquid metals. It is intended that this will inform the design and testing of novel sodium boilers to provide stable and isothermal process heat for continuous or on-demand production of power, chemical fuels and commodities. VAST SOLAR PTY. LTD. The Australian National University $430,000 3
Australian Capital Territory Associate Professor Steve Madden This project intends to develop mid-infrared spectroscopy as a powerful diagnostic tool. Mid-infrared spectroscopy allows a light beam to determine the chemical composition of objects or gaseous samples. It has wide applicability — in fields such as medicine, agriculture, the environment, national security and industrial process control — but its use has been hampered by the lack of bright, low-cost sources and integrated devices. This project aims to implement new Australian-made sources that exceed the brightness of even synchrotrons at modest prices. It also aims to demonstrate a single chip integrated version of such a source as the first step towards deployment of mid-infrared technology. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES AUSTRALIA (M) PTY LTD The Australian National University $285,000 3
Australian Capital Territory Professor Howard Morphy This project, being conducted in collaboration with Indigenous communities and regional museums in Australia and the United Kingdom, aims to develop and to pilot approaches that facilitate Indigenous people’s access to and engagement with museum collections and objects. Reconnecting Indigenous Australian communities with ethnographic collections is central to contemporary museum practice. Yet, the historical dispersal of objects across museums, nationally and internationally, makes relationship and reconnection a challenge to communities and museums alike. The project seeks to address this and to contribute to new museum practice and museum development in Australia. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AUSTRALIA; BRITISH MUSEUM; WAGGA WAGGA CITY COUNCIL The Australian National University $699,310 4
Australian Capital Territory Dr Robert Sharp This project aims to deploy a cryogenic camera system to improve the outputs of astronomical telescopes. The system is equipped with an emerging detector technology, a near-infrared Avalanche Photo-Diode array, capable of high cadence imaging with frame rates of 10 - 1,000 Hz at a wavelength of around 2.2 microns. This new technology is a key component to the future of adaptive optics systems for astronomical telescopes as it allows the rapid measurements necessary to correct the image blurring introduced by the Earth's atmosphere. No expertise currently exists in Australia with this new technology. Capitalising on previous investment, the camera system is intended to fill a capability gap in local expertise and to ensure the potential of the next generation of telescopes is realised and strengthen our competitive edge for frontier instrumentation across the wider Australian imaging community. GIANT MAGELLAN TELESCOPE ORGANIZATION The Australian National University $264,619 3
New South Wales Professor Rhonda Craven The project aims to advance knowledge, policy and practice by exploring the impact of Indigenous education programs in transforming lives and communities. There is a revolution in Australian education whereby private boarding schools are actively enabling Indigenous students to reap the rewards of a quality education. While there is anecdotal evidence suggesting that these programs have long-term and far-reaching effects for the students that extend to Indigenous communities, non-Indigenous peers, and the whole-school community, the actual impact of and pathways through which these benefits are achieved is unknown. THE SCOTS COLLEGE Australian Catholic University $307,000 3
New South Wales Professor Peter Rendell This project seeks to establish whether it is possible to enhance the prospective memory function of healthy older adults. Prospective memory refers to memory for future intentions and is used in many daily activities that are critical for the maintenance of independence in late adulthood, such as remembering to take medication and turn off appliances. The project intends to conduct the first controlled study to use prospective memory activities to directly train prospective memory using both major cognitive training approaches: process training (restorative) and strategy training (compensatory). The results should have implications for clarifying how prospective memory function can be optimised in late adulthood, which will be important for healthy ageing. CATHOLIC HOMES VICTORIA Australian Catholic University $242,000 3
New South Wales Professor Lisa Given This project aims to determine the best ways to communicate wine research and to design tools to support research adoption. Adoption of research relies on effective use of information and technology by employees. Research into employees’ information practices in the workplace has been conducted in health care, education and other areas; however, the wine industry’s use of information and technology for adoption is unexplored. The project plans to assess the strategies used to share research with winemakers and grape growers (e.g. seminars, websites, social media), from information behaviour or web useability perspectives, to ensure industry needs are met appropriately. This research aims to have a direct and immediate impact on the wine industry. In addition to the immediate impact of new research innovations that will be implemented by our partner wine companies, the project will also change industry-wide approaches to extension. The partner organisations use extension strategies to showcase new innovations and our research will assess these organisations’ current practices, providing evidence to shape the design of future activities in Australia. DEPI; AUSTRALIAN WINE RESEARCH INSTITUTE; WINE GRAPES MARKETING BOARD; AUSTRALIAN GRAPE AND WINE AUTHORITY; CUMULUS ESTATE WINES; PHILIP SHAW WINES; MCWILLIAM'S WINES GROUP LTD/MCWILLIAMS WINES PTY LTD; LALLEMAND AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD./LALLEMAND AUSTRALIA PTY LTD; TREASURY WINE ESTATES VINTNERS LIMITED/MILDARA BLASS; DE BORTOLI WINES PTY LIMITED; JARRETT AGRICULTURAL TRUST Charles Sturt University $191,394 2
New South Wales Professor Alberto Avolio The project aims to investigate a technology platform for noninvasive measurement of fluid pressure in the brain to improve assessment of brain function. Engineering approaches will aim to characterise the relationships between arterial and intracranial pressure from experimental data, computational models and signal processing of noninvasive blood pressure in the aorta, pressure in the eye and blood flow in brain and retinal vessels. Findings are expected to produce novel engineering advances in development of techniques and devices for intracranial pressure measurement, a procedure currently limited to high-risk invasive methods. ATCOR MEDICAL PTY LTD Macquarie University $350,000 3
New South Wales Dr Denis Crowdy This project seeks to understand how communities mobilise in Melanesia through the integration of digital media, mobile phones and music. Community integration and cohesion has long been connected to music as a vital medium in the region. This project plans to draw on new uses of mobile phones for creating, disseminating and listening to music to transform related social, cultural and industrial practices in Melanesia. The intended outcomes of this project — novel phone apps and distribution strategies — will be designed to enable the creation and dissemination of community-building music more widely and affordably, and to provide an income-stimulating model of music distribution for Melanesian musicians. FURTHER ARTS; WANTOK MUSIK FOUNDATION/WANTOK MUSIK Macquarie University $215,378 3
New South Wales Professor Bradley Eyre The aim of this project is to understand and quantify the factors controlling the emission of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide from estuaries. Coastal systems play a disproportionately large role in the global emissions of greenhouse gases, but this is poorly quantified. The project plans to use a combination of continuous concentration and stable isotope measurements, process measurements and advanced numerical modelling across a range of undisturbed to disturbed systems. It is intended that this project will provide information for conceptualising, calibrating and verifying models, including green-house gas production. Good models, and the data that support them, such as that provided by this study, are critical for the efficient allocation of management resources in Australian coastal systems, including by our partners. The findings from this project will have direct implications to the management, rehabilitation and protection of waterways (including biodiversity) in Australia. HEALTHY WATERWAYS LTD Southern Cross University $600,000 3
New South Wales Dr Sally Robinson This project aims to improve the rights and wellbeing of young people with cognitive disability by exploring their relationship and interaction with paid support workers. The introduction of national individualised funding and support is a watershed in Australian disability policy. Understanding the role that paid support plays in the ongoing identity development of these young people is urgently needed to realise national policy aspirations for people with disability of rights, choice, inclusion and independence. Using social geography and recognition theory, the project expects to deliver new understanding and improved practice around how paid support relationships can foster mutual care, respect and value at a critically important time in young people’s lives. DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY AND COMMUNITY SERVICES - AGEING DISABILITY AND HOME CARE/DEPARTMENT OF AGING DISABILITY AND HOME CARE; NATIONAL DISABILITY SERVICES LIMITED/NATIONAL DISABILITY SERVICES; THE NORTHCOTT SOCIETY/NORTHCOTT DISABILITY SERVICES; UNIVERSITY OF DUNDEE Southern Cross University $360,900 3
New South Wales Dr Lachlan Yee This project plans to develop synthetic plastic surfaces that continuously generate nitric oxide to deter the formation of biofilms. Plastic surfaces exposed to aqueous environments rapidly become covered by a film of bacteria, which can cause infection. Trace levels of generated nitric oxide can combat this problem by breaking up existing bacterial biofilms. Current research has developed plastics that continuously generate nitric oxide, but not for extended periods of time. This project’s approach is significant because it avoids bacterial resistance to the nitric oxide treatment. Applications of this technology may include removing biofilms from environments such as water filtration devices and consumable medical surfaces. CHEMSON PACIFIC PTY LTD/CHEMSON PACIFIC Southern Cross University $231,000 3
New South Wales Professor Vassilios Agelidis The project aims to develop advanced, modular, reconfigurable energy conversion systems utilising lithium-titanate batteries. Battery energy storage is critical to energy security and integration of increased renewable generation with the electricity grid. However, its high cost prohibits its wide commercial acceptance. The proposed system avoids a large number of series connections of batteries and raises the voltage by using series connection of high-frequency isolated converters for transformerless interconnection of such battery energy storage systems with the grid. The project outcomes include new grid support technologies. ABB, CORPORATE RESEARCH CENTER The University of New South Wales $328,995 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Noore Ahmed The project aims to develop a novel rotor vane array wind power system that can be used as a roof fence or balcony on existing or new buildings. Traditional wind turbines cannot fully realise the potential of excellent wind speed in tall buildings because of space efficiency, visual impact, and danger or noise issues. The system to be developed in the project incorporates advanced active flow control that addresses these issues. The project plans to conduct a structured program of numerical and experimental studies, the intended outcomes of which will contribute to energy security, progress towards zero emissions and sustainable living, and lead to innovative architecture of the future. NEW FLUID TECHNOLOGY PTY LTD The University of New South Wales $297,000 3
New South Wales Professor Andrew Baker This project aims to determine how non-conventional lithium and silicon isotopes can be used to understand groundwater processes using an innovative source-to-target approach. The project aims to apply these isotope tracers to trace the water cycle within a well constrained system: an island aquifer with a dense borefield which has been analysed using traditional isotopic techniques. Supporting hydrochemical data will be used to determine the relationship of the isotopes with environmental processes. The project impact will be the development of new methods to help understand our groundwater resource. The improved process understanding will be translated to groundwater management in general.  The projects' focus on carbonate aquifer systems typical of coastal regions of southern, eastern and western Australia will have relevance to groundwater management in urban areas such as Perth and in rural areas for tourism and viticulture, and for management of natural resources in National Parks. AUSTRALIAN NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION; ROTTNEST ISLAND AUTHORITY; DEPARTMENT OF WATER The University of New South Wales $138,091 2
New South Wales Associate Professor Tracie Barber This project aims to develop a unique mock experimental system to study blood flow dynamics in anatomically realistic coronary artery phantoms. The field of cardiology involves complex fluid dynamic problems, which require the expertise of the fluid dynamics engineer to understand the hemodynamics. Significant innovation in manufacturing and experimental measurement methodologies will be required to develop accurate models, which will be designed to allow the partner organisation to undertake further hemodynamic research. CONCORD REPATRIATION GENERAL HOSPITAL The University of New South Wales $223,468 3
New South Wales Professor Hazel Bateman This project aims to address the significant worldwide challenge of how to safeguard financial wellbeing at older ages. In doing so it aims to investigate three important and interconnected influences on retirement preparation: flexible choice architecture, trust formation and effective communication. The project aims to use a combination of innovative modelling, experimental and field-based approaches. The principal expected outcomes are insights into the factors that guide superannuation choice, build trust with superannuation providers, and ensure clear and effective communication with members. UNISUPER LIMITED The University of New South Wales $355,385 3
New South Wales Professor Jill Bennett This project aims to investigate the importance of art–science collaboration in contemporary research. Developing an innovative method to evaluate aesthetic dynamics, the project seeks to examine how art–science generates new modes of transdisciplinary knowledge and unique forms of public engagement. In collaboration with partners in the museum and cultural sectors, it is planned that the method will be applied to two major case studies of art–science exhibitions in Australian and international venues. Findings are intended to inform strategies for cultural programming, to enable museums to support art–science exploration and to increase the engagement of new audiences with both art and scientific research. Through its network of partner organisations in the cultural sector, the project aims to establish Australia as a global leader in transdisciplinary research and cultural programming. AUSTRALIA COUNCIL; FOUNDATION FOR  ART AND CREATIVE TECHNOLOGY; POWER HOUSE MUSEUM; ARTSCIENCE MUSEUM SINGAPORE; THE ROYAL INSTITUTION OF AUSTRALIA INC The University of New South Wales $166,442 3
New South Wales Professor Mark Bradford This project plans to investigate the use in building frames of composite steel-concrete members that use high-strength steel (HSS) instead of mild steel (MS). HSS is finding increased use in construction, and HSS has a much greater strength-to-weight ratio than MS, leading to lighter composite structures, less material usage and smaller foundations. Overall, this reduces the cost and carbon footprint of steel-framed buildings. The investigation is planned to involve physical testing, numerical studies, developing structural models and crafting design guidance for T-beams, columns and joints. The major intended outcome of the project is design guidance that will support the expanded use of HSS. TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, BEIJING; CHINA CONSTRUCTION STEEL STRUCTURE CORP. LTD The University of New South Wales $380,000 3
New South Wales Professor Ross Buckley This project aims to draw on regulatory developments abroad to develop an innovative, proportional, incremental regulatory regime for Australian digital financial services (DFS). DFS are set to grow rapidly in Australia, just as they have overseas. An effective and appropriate regulatory regime should result in a more competitive and efficient payments system that will lift productivity and economic growth. The project also intends to analyse and resolve regulatory roadblocks to the growth of DFS in developing countries to promote financial inclusion and economic growth, and thereby reduce poverty, in such countries. UNITED NATIONS CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT FUND The University of New South Wales $547,852 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Arnaud Castel The aim of this project is to determine the fundamental mechanics of early age thermal cracking in mass concrete elements and in members with high cement contents, and to develop a tool to predict early age cracking. Early age thermal cracking in concrete due to heat of hydration and thermal gradients is a major engineering problem and is undesirable for durability and structural performance, as well as aesthetics and project economics. The research outputs include new theories and relationships from which advanced engineering models will be derived that will support improved design and construction of mass concrete elements. BORAL CEMENT LIMITED The University of New South Wales $299,000 3
New South Wales Professor Elizabeth Chang This project aims to investigate and develop techniques to improve customer relationship management (CRM) for public and private organisations. It aims to develop an intelligent framework to assist in adaptive marketing and management of customers. The framework is designed to manage multiple information resources for information sharing, and to synthesise knowledge through visualisation. Intended outcomes are standardised XML profiles for the different data sets and business processes, novel techniques for conjoint mining of structured and semi-structured data, and adaptive business intelligence techniques. The results will be validated using large real-world data sets provided by the partner organisation. FASTRACK DEALER NET PTY LTD; OBJECT MANAGEMENT GROUP  The University of New South Wales $219,000 3
New South Wales Dr Vinayak Dixit This project aims to develop an innovative holistic mathematical model of the vehicle routing problem for a charity-based food rescue and distribution system. Such a model would aim to maximise societal benefits while constraining costs, and would need to take into account the demand profile for donors and receivers, and the equitable distribution of food. The model developed is designed to mathematically represent the system in a consistent framework so as to develop optimisation models and techniques. The project also seeks to understand the factors that influence the demand to donate to food rescue by organisations and individuals and the demand to request food by welfare agencies. OZ HARVEST LIMITED/OZHARVEST LIMITED The University of New South Wales $152,436 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Leanne Dowse This project seeks to improve the lives of young people with complex support needs who experience overlapping forms of disadvantage. It intends to investigate how best to support their frequent transitions between services, institutions and care environments. These transitions are particularly problematic for this group, and if poorly supported, have significant social and economic costs. The project aims to analyse early life transitions and the supports available and to suggest best practice for transition support and a framework for how to track transitions using existing data. Intended outcomes will inform policy and practice in how best to invest in supports for young people with complex needs as they make multiple transitions. JESUIT SOCIAL SERVICES LIMITED/JESUIT SOCIAL SERVICES; COMMUNITY LIVING ASSN INC; DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY AND COMMUNITY SERVICES - AGEING DISABILITY AND HOME CARE/DEPARTMENT OF AGING DISABILITY AND HOME CARE; BERRY STREET VICTORIA INCORPORATED/BERRY STREET VICTORIA; LIFE WITHOUT BARRIERS The University of New South Wales $392,200 3
New South Wales Dr Matthew Edwards The project aims to further develop a photovoltaic device concept with reduced metallisation and improved interconnection techniques. The expected outcome of the project is to remove over 90 per cent of cell metallisation compared to industry standards, and achieve a cell efficiency up to 23 per cent, which together can reduce the cost of ownership by 20 per cent. In addition, the concept eliminates the use of toxic lead and cadmium and expensive silver. This project aims to transform an Australian patented technology into mass-production, providing overseas licence income to Australia. SHARESUN CO., LTD; MEYER BURGER AG; ENERGY PUZZLE LANKA The University of New South Wales $565,000 3
New South Wales Professor Stephen Foster The aim of this project is to develop the fundamental understanding needed to design and construct high-strength concrete columns with high-strength steel reinforcement, with the intended outcome of providing design rules for adoption by engineers and Standards bodies. With significant innovations in Australian steel bar technology, strengths grades of 750 megapascals, and higher, are becoming available. These high-strength steels can be used in reinforced concrete building construction and would increase the competitiveness of Australia's manufacturing industry and enable the export of high-value-added technologies. Significant efficiencies in construction costs and in carbon emissions are possible. ONESTEEL REINFORCING PTY LIMITED/ONESTEEL REINFORCING The University of New South Wales $190,000 2
New South Wales Professor John Gooding The project aims to develop a biosensor for detecting short sequences of RNA, called microRNA (miRNA) in blood. There are about 100 miRNA sequences that are involved in most biological processes. Changes in the levels of some miRNA sequences can serve as a biomarker for many diseases including cancers. The miRNA will be detected using gold-coated magnetic nanoparticles modified with DNA sequences complementary to the miRNA of interest to capture the miRNA. Application of a magnetic field allows the levels of miRNA to be detected electrochemically. The expected outcome is a commercialisable biosensor for miRNA both as a diagnostic early detection device and a prognostic device for a range of miRNA biomarkers. AGAMATRIX, INC. The University of New South Wales $410,000 3
New South Wales Dr Xiaojing Hao This project aims to develop cost-effective, high-performance kesterite architectural stainless steel coated with solar cells for application in roofing, skin and facades of smart buildings. The project will integrate expertise in producing kesterite solar cells with expertise in manufacturing new steel to eliminate toxic, scarce materials and high-cost processes employed in conventional solar-driven steel. The initial target of the project would be to increase kesterite cell efficiency to beyond 10 per cent, and ultimately beyond 17 per cent, but still at a low cost. BAOSHAN IRON AND STEEL CO LTD The University of New South Wales $290,000 3
New South Wales Dr Fiona Johnson The project aims to develop a new method for understanding drought drivers in eastern Australia and how well these are portrayed by climate models. The intended outcome of the project is to provide a framework for evaluating climate models on their representation of drought drivers and then use this information to develop improved downscaling schemes. Traditional downscaling approaches do not capture changes in variability in rainfall and evaporation at interannual and interdecadal timescales. This project aims to address this problem by providing a comprehensive drought downscaling framework which will provide inputs to water sharing plans that can be used to assess the future risks of droughts in catchments across New South Wales. NSW OFFICE OF WATER The University of New South Wales $300,000 3
New South Wales Professor David Keith The project aims to develop advanced statistical and modelling techniques to classify and map vegetation over very large areas, using the most extensive and detailed vegetation data set in Australia and new methods to evaluate these classifications. Such classifications and maps provide the data needed to make biodiversity conservation decisions, yet current operational methods are limited over very large areas, and cannot deal with varied sources of uncertainty. Expected outcomes and benefits include a fine-scale vegetation classification and map for almost a million square kilometres, and associated analytical tools and guidelines for large-scale vegetation classification and global mapping. OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE/NATIONAL PARKS & WILDLIFE SERVICE The University of New South Wales $556,257 3
New South Wales Professor Sarah Kenderdine This project aims to evaluate the use of interactive virtual environments in the museum context. This project plans to create the world's first narrative-driven multi-user ‘deep mapping data browser’ to produce a visualisation of cultural heritage. The project intends to conduct user evaluation across three museum sites — in Australia, Hong Kong and China. Intended outcomes are innovation in museum interpretation and transformation of public access to digital archives. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY; CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG; FUDAN UNIVERSITY, CHINA; AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUM; CHRONUS ART CENTER; HONG KONG MARITIME MUSEUM The University of New South Wales $310,224 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Nicole Kessissoglou This project aims to explore the generation of noise by composite propellers and to use this understanding to tailor the composite properties to reduce underwater noise. Propellers are a harmful source of noise in the marine environment, disturbing animal behaviour, revealing the location of naval vessels and interfering with sonar operation. Adaptive composite propellers are potentially quieter than metal propellers, as well as offering improvements in efficiency and fuel consumption. The aims of this project are to understand the physical mechanisms associated with composite propeller noise generation. The outcomes are intended to provide advanced numerical capabilities that will support the development of quieter marine propeller designs to improve defence capability and the acoustic environment for marine mammals. PACIFIC ENGINEERING SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL PTY LIMITED/PACIFIC ESI The University of New South Wales $318,470 3
New South Wales Professor Richard Kingsford This project aims to assess the status of the iconic platypus, identified as ‘near-threatened’ in 2014. The project’s multidisciplinary approach plans to compare regulated and unregulated rivers to investigate metapopulation structure (via physical and genetic tagging), current condition and future adaptability of the species, as well as other threats and habitat quality. The project also links vulnerability of platypus populations to conservation actions that reduce extinction risk, through rigorous decision analyses. It is anticipated that the project will deliver implementable conservation actions at relevant scales. ZOOLOGICAL PARKS BOARD OF NSW/TARONGA CONSERVATION SOCIETY AUSTRALIA; OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE/NATIONAL PARKS & WILDLIFE SERVICE; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE PROTECTION/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; FOREST PRACTICES AUTHORITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT/DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT & HERITAGE; ARTHUR RYLAH INSTITUTE; CESAR PTY. LTD.; DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND WATER RESOURCES The University of New South Wales $444,141 3
New South Wales Professor Naresh Kumar The objective of this project is to develop new antimicrobial coatings for materials used to manufacture biomedical devices. Infection associated with the use of biomaterials such as biomedical implants, catheters and orthopaedic prostheses is a major barrier to the use of these devices. The coatings that the project plans to develop are based on novel antimicrobials which have been shown to prevent adhesion and colonisation of biomaterials by bacteria in vivo. This strategy has the potential to prevent device-related infections and revolutionise the biomaterials industry. COCHLEAR LIMITED The University of New South Wales $333,470 3
New South Wales Professor Brett Neilan The aim of this project is to advance fundamental knowledge of microbial metabolism and provide natural anti-microbial molecules to the Australian food industry. A quarter of the world’s food supply is lost because of microbiological spoilage. Some chemical preservatives have been developed to combat food spoilage organisms, however their chronic impact on human health is the subject of debate. Consumer demand for safe and natural alternatives is growing. Paradoxically, microbially-produced bioactive peptides may be the key to combating food spoilage organisms and food-borne pathogens. To this end, the project intends to develop an innovative strategy for the discovery, biosynthesis and characterisation of novel anti-microbial lanthipeptides. DSM FOOD SPECIALTIES AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED/DSM FOOD SPECIALTIES The University of New South Wales $275,000 3
New South Wales Dr Garth Pearce This study aims to exploit an innovative physics-based approach to predict the strength of textile composites. This is particularly important in areas such as aircraft design, where drastic weight savings are needed to allow designers to remain competitive in a low-carbon future. Improved theory and design tools will remove conservatism and account for a large part of these weight savings. The new approach is the first to be consistent at all length scales — from atoms to aeroplanes — ensuring relevance for new and evolving composite material systems. A novel understanding of crack initiation in textile laminates is intended to reduce design and certification effort for new aircraft and help to design more efficient airframes at a lower cost. BOEING DEFENCE AUSTRALIA LTD/BOEING DEFENCE AUSTRALIA; THE BOEING COMPANY The University of New South Wales $330,000 3
New South Wales Professor John Piggott This project aims to advance global knowledge and policy development around long-term care (LTC) provision by undertaking a comprehensive assessment of alternative funding and provision mechanisms. Drawing on a unique pilot of LTC delivery in China, the project aims to estimate and assess LTC cost and usage, and link this with international experience to quantify the impacts of alternative policy structures. Through methodological advances designed to incorporate the real-time data made available under the pilot, this project aims to deliver significantly improved projections of LTC usage and costs that will be important to governments and the insurance industry, globally. Leveraging a strong partnership between Australian and Chinese researchers, it aims to provide the evidence base needed for policy and industry planning in China, and to advance global knowledge to deal with this challenge. INSTITUTE FOR POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES The University of New South Wales $130,000 2
New South Wales Professor Chris Rizos This project aims to research a robust high accuracy positioning system for underground mining environments to improve worker safety and mine efficiency. Positioning in underground mining environments is a key requirement in ensuring the safety of mine workers. It is also a critical technological capability in resolving mine productivity bottlenecks. Australia is one of the largest mining nations and is a leader in mining-related research and development and this project intends to support the growth of the valuable mining sector by addressing a significant engineering challenge. CHINA UNIVERSITY OF MINING AND TECHNOLOGY; JIANGSU CRELEAD INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY The University of New South Wales $353,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Moninya Roughan This projects plans to explore the causes of the worldwide decline in the highly lucrative spiny lobster fisheries that has occurred in recent decades. This decline has been attributed to ocean warming, however, the exact mechanism contributing to the demise of lobsters is not known. This project will use a hierarchy of oceanic models of increasing complexity combined with a unique spiny lobster data set to investigate the relationship between larval health, physiology and environmental variables and how this affects survival and successful recruitment into the fishery. An understanding of these complex relationships is expected to enable the first predictions of larval survival and settlement in a region of accelerated ocean warming, and provide critical information for sustainable fisheries management. DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES; THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND, NZ; NSW ROCK LOBSTER ASSOCIATION The University of New South Wales $310,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Vijay Sivaraman The aim of this project is to develop novel frameworks and algorithms that improve video streaming experience across multiple interconnected content distribution networks. The novelty of the scheme is in optimally coupling cache server selection with network path control using software defined networking technology. The intended outcomes of this project are the development and demonstration of algorithms and mechanisms for efficient Internet content delivery to achieve unprecedented user experience. The proposed project is expected to lead to commercial outcomes with consequent economic and social benefits, while strengthening Australia’s leadership in the emerging area of software defined networking. CISCO SYSTEMS AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED/CISCO SYSTEMS AUSTRALIA The University of New South Wales $299,000 3
New South Wales Dr Jennifer Skattebol This project aims to explore how young people with complex needs can secure the resources they need. Despite recent investments in youth services, many young people with complex needs still struggle to secure resources. Understanding how to better resource these young people is essential if we are to improve their wellbeing and outcomes. Drawing on the life stories of disadvantaged young people, the project aims to provide new evidence on the way they understand, approach, and use formal and informal resources in the context of changing circumstances. This evidence is designed to drive the development of services that are responsive to young people’s needs, cultivate their capacities for resourcefulness, and complement the other resources they have available. UNITINGCARE CHILDREN YOUNG PEOPLE AND FAMILIES; DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY AND COMMUNITY SERVICES - HOUSING NSW/NSW DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING; MISSION AUSTRALIA The University of New South Wales $216,000 3
New South Wales Professor Charles Sorrell The project aims to enable the inexpensive manufacture of widely used refractories with reduced energy and materials costs and improved thermal and mechanical properties. The project plans to exploit technology patented by the researchers to fabricate percolated mullite materials from fly ash by sintering, yielding properties equivalent or superior to those of fuse-cast alumina-zirconia-silica refractories (AZS). AZS is expensive since it requires melting by fuse-casting and high-purity raw materials. The project aims to eliminate both requirements by sintering and use of waste fly ash, giving microstructures of dense, direct-bonded, percolated, mullite, single crystals, with residual impurities in the interstices that do not affect creep. VECOR AUSTRALIA PTY LTD; FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF SÃO CARLOS, BRAZIL The University of New South Wales $340,000 3
New South Wales Professor Iain Suthers This project aims to improve fisheries management of economically important baitfish by increasing our understanding of the ecosystem demand of predatory fish. The ecosystem demand of predatory fish is currently not understood, because it fails to include the considerable impact of juvenile fish, especially when they reside in an estuary. The project intends to implant acoustic transmitters, calibrated in a flume, to discover bioenergetic rates in the field by determining the diet and the size- and temperature-dependent growth and biogenetics of a predatory fish species, from juvenile to adult, from estuary to the open sea. The outcomes include an ecosystem synthesis of related pelagic fish predators from catchment to coast. DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES AND FISHERIES The University of New South Wales $257,000 3
New South Wales Professor David Waite This project aims to develop capacitive deionisation (CDI) for the decontamination of water. The specific goals are firstly to identify applications where CDI could cost-effectively make brackish, contaminated water usable. The project then intends to optimise CDI design and operating conditions to remove particular ions of concern and to develop approaches to energy recovery. The main outcome is intended to be a photovoltaic-powered CDI unit that is capable of stand-alone operation with optimal energy recovery and inbuilt monitoring, and control technology enabling cost-effective and sustainable operation. MINCARB PTY LTD The University of New South Wales $560,000 4
New South Wales Professor George Kuczera This project will develop a new optimisation framework for planning and operation of urban bulk water systems that incorporates flexibility to adapt to changing circumstances. Population growth in major Australian cities, coupled with a potentially drying climate, is putting pressure on existing water supply. To avoid the risk of overinvesting and losing future flexibility, water utilities have to develop plans for the future, a task made difficult by uncertainty about future climate and demand. The framework is intended to explicitly deal with uncertainty about future demand and climate change, to ensure that solutions can cope with plausible but unexpected futures. The project will apply this framework to the bulk water supply for Sydney. SYDNEY CATCHMENT AUTHORITY The University of Newcastle $322,954 3
New South Wales Professor Richard Middleton The aim of this project is to develop and analyse new feedback control methods to address emerging challenges in future wireless communication networks such as 5G. This new generation of mobile communications promises exceptional bandwidth, high reliability and low link delay. To achieve these leaps in performance, a paradigm shift to massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna systems, very high frequency systems and small cells is required. Critical feedback loops in areas such as narrow 3D beam steering for mobile users, control of multiflow systems must be developed to enable 5G communications to be successfully deployed. This new generation of communications is also expected to open up new control application domains, such as the use of vehicle-to-vehicle networks. ERICSSON AB The University of Newcastle $350,000 3
New South Wales Professor Richard Vella The project aims to investigate the cultural and economic value of Australian music exports. It will be the first methodical study on how Australian artists are developed internationally through government and industry programs. It intends to provide a detailed picture of entrepreneurial activity within and between industries, not-for-profit sectors and governments. The project aims to assess the effects of globalisation and digitisation in the creation of a music export, and the impact of cultural and economic value chains on an Australian music export. The intended outcomes are strategies for improving the audibility and visibility of Australian music within increasingly complex international networks and systems of music production, consumption and governance. AUSTRALASIAN PERFORMING RIGHT ASSOCIATION LTD/APRA; AUSTRALIA COUNCIL The University of Newcastle $226,975 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Margaret Allman-Farinelli This project aims to explore the role that food prepared outside the home versus within the home plays in the diets of young adults. The project plans to use data mining to understand where, when and with whom young adults buy food, and the nutritional composition and overall contribution to diet of these foods. The project will use a newly designed and tested Smartphone application to transform data collection and processing, and enable continuous digital photography. The knowledge gained is intended to form the evidence base for formulation of policy and electronic and mobile-health promotion to reverse the problem of young adults gaining more weight than any other group in Australia. THE CANCER COUNCIL NSW The University of Sydney $202,044 3
New South Wales Professor Fariba Dehghani This project aims to further explore the research team’s recent fundamental discovery of a protein found naturally in an Australian abalone that inhibits viral entry by blocking three key viral glycoproteins. We would aim to utilise this knowledge towards development of a new class of therapeutics against Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) and their consequent infections. The new therapeutics could overcome the low bioavailability of current drugs and thus significantly shorten the recurrence period. Such new drugs may have broad applicability. MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY AUSTRALIA PTY LTD The University of Sydney $490,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Pennie Frow This projects aims to examine how patients interact collaboratively with multiple stakeholders in a health system (co-creation). Governments and health-care providers continually seek new ways to be more efficient and to create more effective health service outcomes. This research aims to identify why co-creation will be important in the formulation of future health policy. The project plans to assess patient-centred practices using qualitative and quantitative health outcome measures and to model the patient’s end-to-end journey by developing new metrics. The intended outcomes are practical guidelines to help health professionals focus on the most effective co-creation activities and interactions. The research aims to determine how co-creation practices shape a service ecosystem by examining the effectiveness of a patient-centred approach on health care service outcomes. Findings will improve the implementation of health care practices. CENTRAL ADELAIDE LOCAL HEALTH NETWORK INCORPORATED The University of Sydney $180,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Adam Guastella This project aims to show for the first time how oxytocin interacts with neural social and reward pathways to guide social behaviour. Oxytocin is a natural neuropeptide and hormone that has a critical role in the regulation of social behaviour across mammalian species. In animals, direct evidence demonstrates how endogenous and exogenous oxytocin interacts with social and reward neural pathways to alter social behaviour, including social recognition, relationship formation, and long-term bonds. The project intends to use radio-labelling techniques in combination with positron emission tomography to track oxytocin and show what regions of the brain oxytocin impacts to then influence social cognition and behaviour in humans. AUSTRALIAN NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION; OPTINOSE AS The University of Sydney $1,037,000 4
New South Wales Associate Professor Zdenka Kuncic This project aims to realise a next-generation detector technology that delivers the first fully integrated solution to the X-ray imaging and dose measurement needs of cancer radiation therapy. It is planned that this will be achieved by optimising an experimental prototype device employing a scintillating optical fibre array to generate an optical signal that preserves a tissue-equivalent detector response. The acquired digital image can thus be used to simultaneously verify geometric accuracy (correct patient positioning) and dosimetric accuracy (correct dose distribution). This is not currently possible with existing X-ray detector technology and offers an improvement in treatment accuracy. SOUTH WESTERN SYDNEY LOCAL HEALTH DISTRICT; PERKINELMER PTY LTD The University of Sydney $288,170 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Yonghui Li The project plans to deliver building blocks for designing future machine-to-machine (M2M) wireless access networks with a wide range of new applications. M2M communications have emerged as a new communication paradigm and are likely to become a dominant form of future communications. The project aims to develop novel communications techniques that are tailored to unique M2M network characteristics and requirements and demonstrate the proposed algorithms in practical systems. The outcomes are intended to contribute to the modernisation and transformation of critical infrastructures into smart systems, delivering more reliable, efficient and cost-effective services. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD The University of Sydney $360,000 3
New South Wales Professor Alexander McBratney This project seeks to cost-efficiently identify the contaminated areas of a soil site which will require remediation. There are many thousands of sites contaminated with metals and/or organics across urban and rural Australia and some tens of millions across the world. These sites pose a serious potential threat to human health. Detection (and remediation) of such sites is expensive. The project aims to deliver a cheaper method of detection through a novel combination of infra-red and X-ray spectroscopies combined with data-fused soil inference and optimised directed sampling and mapping. This is intended to reduce the economic barrier to detection and remediation, considerably hastening the removal of this health risk. Resulting novel technology could be transferred and commercialised internationally. ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES INTERNATIONAL PTY LTD The University of Sydney $226,094 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Richard Payne This project aims to understand the role of carbohydrate modifications on the structure and function of the fat cell-derived hormone adiponectin, which has shown protective effects against obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Advancing knowledge of the molecular mechanisms that regulate fat is crucial to unravelling the processes involved in the development of these diseases. The project plans to use novel synthetic technologies to access a library of adiponectins with defined patterns of carbohydrates attached to the peptide backbone, thus potentially enabling detailed dissection of the role of these modifications on structure, cell signalling and insulin sensitising activities. NOVO NORDISK A/S The University of Sydney $305,000 3
New South Wales Dr Fabio Ramos The project aims to develop an automatic activity recognition system for cognitive aid of dementia and stroke victims. The ‘Smart Glasses’ system will be based on sensors embedded in glasses and machine learning techniques to automatically detect the activity being performed by a patient, and provide feedback. Sufferers will regain independence and autonomy by improving safety awareness around the home; carers will be provided real-time information of patient safety status or adverse events; rehabilitation professionals will be able to use feedback to refine a patient’s program and maximise quality and safety of ambulatory rehabilitation care; and patients will improve rehabilitation outcomes through tailored treatment. ST VINCENT'S HEALTH NETWORK SYDNEY The University of Sydney $382,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Kai Riemer This project intends to develop a methodology for the successful introduction of enterprise social networks (ESNs). ESNs are an important new technology that promises increased collaboration, making businesses more innovative and responsive. Yet, while some organisations adopt ESN organically, many tightly-managed ESN projects fail. Because ESN are not directed at predefined tasks but bring about new ways of working, traditional theory and methods of IT introduction are challenged. This project aims to create and test a new theory that frames ESN introduction as guided user experimentation, addressing this emerging IT management problem both theoretically and practically. CAPGEMINI AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED/CAPGEMINI AUSTRALIA PTY LTD The University of Sydney $280,000 3
New South Wales Professor Richard Shine This project aims to prevent cane toads, which are causing ecological havoc across tropical Australia, from breeding successfully. Attempts to control toad populations have had little impact, but recent research has revealed a new possibility — exploiting the toads' own weapons for intraspecific conflict. Larval cane toads compete intensely with other larval cane toads and as a result, have evolved a way to kill off their competitors. Toad tadpoles produce chemicals that have devastating effects on younger members of their own species, but not on native species. By deploying those chemicals, this project could develop a novel and powerful form of invader control. DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; SUTHERLAND SHIRE COUNCIL; SPRINGSTAR INCORPORATED The University of Sydney $704,000 3
New South Wales Professor Stephen Simpson The project aims to identify naturally occurring micro-organisms to increase the effectiveness of Green Guard ®, which is a biopesticide used against the Australian plague locust. The project will use next-generation sequencing and other molecular techniques to potentially identify candidate microbes or combinations of microbes that can be added to Green Guard to enhance locust susceptibility. The project also aims to quantify the interactive impact of temperature and nutrition on immune function, disease resistance and host-plant quality of plague locusts; and to explore the combined effects of temperature, habitat and Green Guard, in combination with candidate microbes or pathogens, on the behaviour and collective movement of locusts. It is anticipated that this will have implications for management and control strategies. AUSTRALIAN PLAGUE LOCUST COMMISSION (APLC); BASF AUSTRALIA LTD. The University of Sydney $385,000 3
New South Wales Professor Dr Cameron Stewart This project aims to develop an ethical and regulatory framework for the use of autologous adult stem cell therapies in Australia. These therapies are increasingly being offered to patients for diseases and conditions that lack scientific evidence of safety and efficacy. This study aims to address this problem using a mixed methods approach to generate empirical data and theoretical, ethical and legal insights that will guide the responsible development, translation and regulation of innovative stem cell therapies in Australia and internationally. Anticipated outcomes will improve patient advocacy and public knowledge about adult stem cell therapies, and facilitate better relationships between patients, researchers and clinicians. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS RESEARCH AUSTRALIA; ARTHRITIS AUSTRALIA; MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE ASSOC OF AUSTRALIA INCORPORATED/MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE AUSTRALIA INC The University of Sydney $450,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Matthew Todd This project plans to synthesise new compounds that bind the protein ATP4, an essential ion pump in the malaria parasite. It plans to generate a three-dimensional map to understand how these compounds stop ATP4 from working. Several promising new medicines for malaria target ATP4, yet we do not understand properly how they do so. The project’s intended aims will be achieved using new methods in synthetic chemistry and membrane biology, and by leveraging global scientific inputs through online research methods allowing anyone to participate. MEDICINES FOR MALARIA VENTURE The University of Sydney $410,000 3
New South Wales Professor Stefan Williams This project aims to improve the feedback link between robotic platforms and an operator, to increase the effectiveness of underwater survey operations. During surveys, some level of adaptation is required to allow underwater robots to respond to the data they are collecting. It is often difficult to reliably program an autonomous system to identify salient data, particularly when the mission involves searching for particular features whose sensor signatures may be difficult to determine a priori. In contrast, humans are generally good at quickly identifying important data or determining when a mission is not achieving its goals. The project aims to develop novel acoustic communication schemes that will allow communication between the human operator and the underwater robot, exploiting developments in machine learning, network and communication theory. THALES AUSTRALIA LIMITED/THALES AUSTRALIA The University of Sydney $315,000 3
New South Wales Professor Albert Zomaya This project aims to design, implement, and integrate solutions to improve resource use of private cloud data centres (CDCs). CDCs are expected to guarantee performance while optimising resource usage at a minimum cost. This incurs technical challenges that must be tackled to efficiently provision on-demand resources with specific performance requirements. The project intends to push the applicability of both current techniques and the ones to be designed in this project to industry-scale CDCs, and identify metrics and variables to holistically control service-level agreements of hosted applications. Scalable solutions with industry approved software plug-ins are the major outcomes of this project. The outcomes of this project will have a substantial impact on both environmental (lowering energy consumption to lead to greener infrastructure) and economic sustainability (reducing cloud usage cost for both users and providers) of today’s much computerised society. JEMENA ELECTRICITY NETWORKS (VIC) LTD/ALINTA AE LTD The University of Sydney $574,932 3
New South Wales Professor Steven Djordjevic This project aims to provide data and understanding that will help develop predictive models for changes in the distribution of drug-resistant bacteria, and surveillance and response programs for key biosecurity threats. Microorganisms, including commensals and pathogens, can live in complex communities in a range of environments including animal hosts. It is now known that these communities (known as microbiomes) can exert a profound effect on animal health. This project seeks to understand where antimicrobial resistance genes reside in pig gut microbiotia and how they move between members of this complex microbial community, and to provide information on how probiotics may be used to reduce dependence on antibiotics. DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES University of Technology, Sydney $520,683 3
New South Wales Professor Derek Eamus The aim of this project is to determine the response of trees to the extraction of shallow groundwater. Groundwater-dependent ecosystems rely on a supply of groundwater to maintain ecosystem health, structure and function, and excessive depletion of groundwater resources has a negative impact on these ecosystems. The project intends to combine a field-scale experimental depletion of groundwater resources simultaneously with alterations in rainfall input and measurements of tree responses. The results of the project are intended to inform industry regulators and the water supply industry on how to improve management of both groundwater and vegetation resources. MIDCOAST COUNTY COUNCIL/MIDCOAST WATER; HUNTER WATER CORPORATION; NSW OFFICE OF WATER University of Technology, Sydney $371,558 3
New South Wales Professor Heather Goodall This project aims to explore the experiences of the students of Tranby Aboriginal College during and after their enrolment. Tranby is a post-secondary college which has pioneered innovative subjects and cooperative learning environments in its inner-city campus as well as in communities across Australia. It been Aboriginal-controlled since 1980. Although its staff and courses are well known, the experiences of its students are not. This project aims to use social media and the Tranby archives to record new oral histories to allow analysis of Tranby students' social, political and educational experiences and evaluation of their contribution to Indigenous self-determination and leadership, as well as integration into interdisciplinary collaborative research. CO OPERATIVE FOR ABORIGINES LTD/CO OPERATIVE FOR ABORIGINES LIMITED TRANBY ABORIGINAL CO OPERATIVE COLLEG University of Technology, Sydney $232,371 3
New South Wales Professor Dikai Liu This project aims to build a theoretical and experimental foundation for developing robots for underwater structure maintenance in near surface and tidal environments where water current and wave action can be strong. A novel intelligent robotic system with multiple arms is planned to be developed. The project will address research challenges associated with perception, mapping, planning and control, and develop methodologies that enable the realisation of such robotic systems. The intended outcomes will contribute to marine robotics research and its industrial applications, and will improve productivity and occupational health and safety by replacing the humans needed to work in such hazardous environments. ROADS AND MARITIME SERVICES/RMS University of Technology, Sydney $435,000 3
New South Wales Professor Peter Ralph This project aims to deliver a scalable photo-bioreactor for the large scale axenic culture of microalgae to close the technology gap for research and development in the Australian algae biotechnology sector. Algae biotechnology is a rapidly emerging area, particularly in biofuel production. The project aims to test and demonstrate a photo-bioreactor for its applicability to produce sufficient algae biomass to study a low abundance photosynthetic protein complex to advance knowledge of coral bleaching. GE HEALTHCARE AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED/GE MEDICAL SYSTEMS AUSTRALIA PTY LTD University of Technology, Sydney $372,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Ivor Tsang This project plans to build an interactive mining system to detect cyberbullying on social networks that have a large number of participants and a variety of inputs, including conversation texts, time-variant changes and user profiles. The project is designed to change the existing cyberbullying prevention services from reactive keyword filtering to proactive social interaction pattern mining. The intended outcome will enable the early detection and warning of cyberbullying and approach open a new way to discover interaction patterns with a large number of participants over evolving and complex social networks. MISSION AUSTRALIA University of Technology, Sydney $550,000 3
New South Wales Dr Jonathan Webb This project seeks to develop novel effective strategies to halt and reverse declines in northern quolls by improving their ‘toad-smart’ behaviour. The spread of cane toads threaten northern quolls, which are marsupial predators. We cannot halt the toad invasion, but we can train quolls not to eat cane toads. Trained quolls can survive long term in toad-infested landscapes, and their offspring can learn not to eat toads. This project builds on this work by focusing on cultural and genetic transmission of toad-smart behaviour. The project could save numerous quoll populations from extinction. TERRITORY WILDLIFE PARK; KAKADU NATIONAL PARK; DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; AUSTRALIAN WILDLIFE CONSERVANCY University of Technology, Sydney $337,775 4
New South Wales Professor Roger Dean The project aims to develop a personalised music recommender system using perceived tone quality, affect and liking. Recommender systems using prior verbal annotations and ratings are common (Amazon) but inappropriate for less popular music by unfamiliar artists, which lacks social use data. The project intends to build on work into perception of musical affect and its relation to loudness and tone quality; and the automation of the organisation of digital libraries both by labels and acoustic content. Developing this, the project seeks to create a model that gives recommendations which accounts for an individual's preferences based on acoustic content, affect and liking. The system will be designed to update rapidly and to encourage exploration of familiar and unfamiliar music. THE UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO, NZ; AUSTRALIAN MUSIC CENTRE LTD; AUSTRALASIAN PERFORMING RIGHT ASSOCIATION LTD/APRA University of Western Sydney $243,727 3
New South Wales Dr Paul Rymer This project aims to improve our understanding of the capacity of trees to respond to climate change. This is essential for the maintenance of biodiversity, forest health and productivity. In south-west Australia, climate variation has increased the frequency and intensity of droughts, which has resulted in tree death and negatively affected essential ecosystem services. Adaptive land management is urgently needed to mitigate the risk of large-scale drought mortality in a rapidly changing climate. This project seeks to deliver a scientific basis for the adoption of assisted gene migration in south-west forests, through a detailed understanding of genetic adaptation and physiological tolerance, to improve drought-resilience under future hotter and drier climates. DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; FOREST PRODUCTS COMMISSION WA University of Western Sydney $281,506 3
New South Wales Professor Weihua Li This project aims to improve forklift design to reduce the vibration experienced by forklift drivers. Research consistently links forklift driving with a high incidence of back pain and musculoskeletal injuries through exposure to hand, arm and whole-body vibrations that are caused by the rigid passive suspension in traditional forklifts, which cannot properly absorb vibration stemming from deviations in driving surfaces, changes in mass, or common loading, lifting and unloading actions. The project aims to draw on the research team’s expertise in magnetorheological technology to develop and evaluate a new tuneable integrated semi-active wheel and chassis and seat suspension system that can vary damping and stiffness to control mass uncertainty and vibration. CHINA EP EQUIPMENT CO. LTD ; M&S ENGINEERING PTY LIMITED/M & S ENGINEERING AUSTRALIA PTY LTD University of Wollongong $270,000 3
New South Wales Associate Professor Long Nghiem This project aims to develop management approaches to enable the use of anaerobic co-digestion — the conversion of organic wastes and wastewater sludge to biogas for electricity production. Anaerobic co-digestion has the potential to bring significant economic savings to water stakeholders and environmental benefits to communities. However, full-scale deployment faces fundamental challenges in terms of managing impacts on downstream processes (e.g. odour, dewaterability, biogas quality, and nutrient build-up). The analytical framework and analytics tool to be developed in this project by an interdisciplinary team with expertise in process engineering, biochemistry, analytical chemistry and analytics, is expected to enable water stakeholders to cost-effectively manage these impacts and thus realise the benefits of co-digestion. SYDNEY WATER CORPORATION; DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA WATER AND SEWER AUTHORITY University of Wollongong $470,000 3
New South Wales Dr Melanie Randle This project seeks to explore a key question of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS): will service provision improve when service users have the ability to choose? In 2016, the NDIS will start rolling out and nearly half a million people with a disability will be able to choose disability services. The project aims to identify changes in objective and perceived consumer value pre-NDIS and post-NDIS, and differences in how market segments use their autonomy and whether this leads to differences in benefits gained from the NDIS. Findings are intended to contribute to a better understanding of when free market mechanisms serve the needs of their citizens better than traditional means of government support. CARESOUTH; CATHOLICCARE (WOLLONGONG) University of Wollongong $326,506 4
Northern Territory Associate Professor Alison King This project aims to use a traits-based modelling framework, incorporating variability both within and between species, to forecast the resilience of freshwater fishes in northern Australia to impending environmental change. While northern Australian rivers are among the most pristine and productive on earth, they face profound change due to human activity. Emerging evidence suggests that flexibility in functional traits (e.g. life history, physiology, behaviour, diet) may result in resilience to environmental change. This project aims to provide decision-makers with essential information and new tools to underpin future planning and resource management. DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRY AND FISHERIES; DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Charles Darwin University $353,806 3
Queensland Dr Brydie-Leigh Bartleet This project plans to examine how the arts and cultural sector is currently functioning in remote Australia and where its growth potential lies. There is increasing recognition that this sector plays a crucial role in regional development, but very little is known about how this operates in Australia’s remotest regions where the demographics of communities are vastly different from other regional centres. The project plans to map the sector in one of Australia’s largest remote regions, the Barkly, examine the role leading organisation Barkly Regional Arts plays in this, and deliver resources and recommendations that will inform current policies, strategies, and initiatives in the Barkly and beyond. BARKLY REGIONAL ARTS INC/BARKLY REGIONAL ARTS; REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AUSTRALIA NORTHERN TERRITORY INCORPORATED Griffith University $208,215 3
Queensland Professor Alexander Brown This project aims to examine the adequacy of organisational responses to whistleblowing (employee reporting of wrongdoing). So far, research into public-interest whistleblowing has revealed much about the incidence, significance and experience of whistleblowers. This project now extends the research to the other side of the issue — the organisations. By comparing employee and managerial experience in multiple public and private sector organisations in Australia and New Zealand, the project intends to identify the factors that influence good and bad responses across a range of institutions; provide a clearer basis for reform of policies, procedures and law; and set benchmarks for comparative research worldwide. CPA AUSTRALIA LTD/CPA AUSTRALIA; OFFICE OF THE COMMONWEALTH OMBUDSMAN; NSW OMBUDSMAN; THE PUBLIC SECTOR COMMISSION; CORRUPTION AND CRIME COMMISSION/CORRUPTION AND CRIME COMMISSION OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA; WESTERN AUSTRALIAN OMBUDSMAN; INDEPENDENT BROAD-BASED ANTI-CORRUPTION COMMISSION/IBAC; OMBUDSMAN VICTORIA; QUEENSLAND OMBUDSMAN; THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN OMBUDSMAN; CHIEF MINISTER'S DEPARTMENT; AUSTRALIAN SECURITIES & INVESTMENTS COMMISSION; TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY OMBUDSMAN LIMITED/TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY OMBUDSMAN; STATE SERVICES COMMISSION - NEW ZEALAND; OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN - NEW ZEALAND  Griffith University $457,800 3
Queensland Dr Matthew Burke This project aims to develop property value capture schemes that would provide alternative funding for public transport infrastructure. It plans to model the timing and spatial patterns of property value uplift from recent investments in rail, busways and ferries in Queensland and New South Wales. It then intends to conduct a survey of Australian stakeholders and discrete choice modelling to determine willingness-to-pay. This data is then expected to be used to develop an institutionally, legally and politically feasible scheme for implementation in Australia, focused on cases including extension to the Gold Coast light rail network. GOLD COAST CITY COUNCIL/COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF THE GOLD COAST; DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AND MAIN ROADS; TRANSPORT FOR NSW; QUEENSLAND AIRPORTS LIMITED Griffith University $217,964 4
Queensland Professor Suzanne Chambers This project seeks to improve the policy and practice of volunteer involvement in the non-profit sector. Non-profit organisations rely on volunteers, and their capacity to deliver vital community services is threatened by the decrease in long-term, continuous volunteering and increase in episodic (short-term, flexible) volunteering. The interdisciplinary project aims to use mixed methods (qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys) and multiple perspectives (volunteers and staff who manage them) to develop an episodic volunteering definition; to explore the economic and social impact of episodic volunteering, and to develop a theoretical model of volunteer retention. The findings are intended to provide an evidence base and recommendations for non-profit sector policy and practice. CANCER COUNCIL QUEENSLAND; VOLUNTEERING QUEENSLAND INC; UNION FOR INTERNATIONAL CANCER CONTROL ; AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY Griffith University $221,574 3
Queensland Professor Sima Dimitrijev The aim of this project is to create a prototype of a silicon carbide (SiC)-based power-electronic switch for improved energy efficiency and reduced size of power-electronic circuits, well beyond the theoretical limits of silicon technology. Until very recently, the dominant controlled switch in electronics could only be implemented as a silicon transistor. A new method of electronic passivation of SiC surfaces has enabled the recent commercialisation of SiC transistors. It is expected that the material advantages of SiC can be fully exploited by a new device structure and a new fabrication process. SICC MATERIALS CO LTD Griffith University $509,000 5
Queensland Professor Yongsheng Gao This project aims to improve automated strawberry harvesting to enable industrial harvesters to be deployed for commercial use and to lift the productivity of the Australian fruit industry. Precise recognition and grading of strawberries is a major obstacle in developing fully-automated commercial strawberry harvesting systems. Current colour-based fruit recognition techniques have intrinsic limitations in meeting the needs of automatic strawberry harvesting. This project aims to investigate high-level syntactic recognition approaches that embed high-order texture patterns of ripe fruit and hyperspectral analysis techniques to achieve partially occluded fruit recognition and grading of fruit at the level required by commercial production. MAGNIFICENT PTY LTD Griffith University $406,000 3
Queensland Professor Elizabeth Kendall This project aims to explore how passive and active engagement with nature might influence outcomes for young people who have experienced trauma, maltreatment and disrupted families. These people are extremely vulnerable, but often slip through the system. As they rarely engage in traditional therapy, non-traditional interventions may offer a viable alternative that should be explored and harnessed for this population. In addition, traditional interventions are delivered at enormous cost and with minimal success for this group. Using an innovative multidisciplinary design, the project plans to test four hypotheses about nature engagement to contribute to the growing field of nature-based interventions. Our approach offers an alternative that draws on existing community resources and benefits local organisations, young people and farmers. LOGAN CITY COUNCIL; CROWSON PARK RIDING FOR THE DISABLED INC.; FSG AUSTRALIA Griffith University $188,028 2
Queensland Professor David Lambert A number of studies of human migration suggest that after initial colonisation of Australia around 45,000 years ago, these people remained largely isolated until the arrival of Europeans. In contrast recent studies have suggested that a wave of migration from India into Australia occurred approximately 4,230 years ago. However, a major drawback of these recent studies is that sequence data used was from modern indigenous Australians who were potentially admixed with Europeans. To address this issue we will sequence complete genomes from sub-fossil bones of ancient Indian and Indigenous Australian people and directly investigate this possible India-Australia connection. CENTRE FOR GEOGENETICS, NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM OF DENMARK; NOVOGENE BIOINFORMATICS TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD Griffith University $570,000 3
Queensland Professor David Lloyd The project aims to improve understanding of the mechanical environment of the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon plays a crucial role in human motor function and is also a structure that is commonly injured and notoriously difficult to treat. A major barrier to improving Achilles tendon function, preventing tendon injury and enhancing tendon repair is a poor understanding of the mechanical environment of the Achilles tendon during training and rehabilitation. The project aims to develop a better understanding of the loading conditions that optimise tendon metabolism. Based on this, it then intends to develop new technologies to estimate the mechanical behaviour of the human Achilles tendon in real time based on integrated use of wearable technology, and new training guidelines that will optimise human tendon adaptation. ORTHOCELL LIMITED; PHILIPS HEALTHCARE; NORAXON U.S.A. INC. Griffith University $430,000 3
Queensland Professor Darryl Low Choy This project aims to understand contemporary Australian Aboriginal connections to 'Country'. The concept of Country is integral to Australian Aboriginal meaning and culture, and Country and the individual are anthropologically inseparable and co-dependent. Being ‘on Country’ implies residency within a tract of landscape involving cultural origins and responsibilities, whereas being ‘off Country’ implies residency external to this home land. How, and to what degree, these on and off protocols operate has not previously been researched. The project aims to explore regional and urban residency relationships in relation to Aboriginal Corporation membership eligibility and to Country self-nurture and custodianship relationships.  It is highly relevant to Indigenous communities worldwide as their people move from their 'Country' to satisfy higher education and employment aspirations. The issues are central to improving Indigenous community engagement in planning. QUANDAMOOKA YOOLOOBURRABEE ABORIGINAL CORPORATION; GUNDITJ MIRRING TRADITIONAL OWNERS ABORIGINAL CORPORATION Griffith University $211,346 3
Queensland Professor Nam-Trung Nguyen This project aims to develop an unprecedented integrated cooling enhancement technology (IceTech) for silicon carbide on silicon power electronics. IceTech represents a radical departure from current failure-prone packaging solutions. The project aims to elucidate the fundamental interactions between magnetism, heat and mass transfer and apply them to cooling. In partnership with SPTS Technologies, the project then aims to develop fabrication processes for integrating microchannels and highly sensitive integrated silicon carbide temperature sensors into a chip. This novel fabrication technology allows for the implementation of the revolutionary enhanced cooling concept using two-phase flow with magnetic liquid plugs. SPTS TECHNOLOGIES, AN ORBOTECH COMPANY Griffith University $360,000 3
Queensland Professor Sharyn Rundle-Thiele This project aims to conduct a stratified randomised trial of an innovative social marketing program that is delivered to adolescents and their parents in Queensland Catholic education schools. The program is designed to change knowledge, attitudes and intentions to drink alcohol among adolescents. The information from this project is expected to be used to improve the program and expand its relevance and use in schools. The program developed will be made available for teacher use in secondary Australian Schools. QUEENSLAND CATHOLIC EDUCATION COMMISSION Griffith University $234,000 3
Queensland Professor Huib Schippers This project plans to explore the conditions and strategies needed for musicians to sustain successful portfolio careers. Most musicians have ‘portfolio careers’, combining aspects of performance, recording, creation, music direction, teaching, community activities, health, retail and a presence in online environments. This phenomenon — often across music genres — is widespread but not well understood. The project involves surveys and 12 in-depth case studies of individual musicians or ensembles that will aim to identify key success factors and obstacles. This information is intended to inform opportunities for training, development and support. AUSTRALIA COUNCIL; ARTS NSW; ARTS VICTORIA; DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE & THE ARTS; AUSTRALIAN ARTS TRUST Griffith University $222,515 3
Queensland Professor Yaoqi Zhou The project aims to uncover the molecular targets of BDM-I, a novel antimicrobial candidate discovered by the start-up Australian company BioDiem Ltd. BDM-I is active against many drug resistant bacterial and fungal microorganisms and it is currently in pre-clinical development. However, the lack of resistant phenotypes makes it difficult to identify BDM-I’s mechanism of action. The project plans to use an integrated approach that combines a novel technique of in silico screening with experimental validation. Project outcomes are anticipated to include the first computational method to integrate target and ligand similarity for proteome-scale target and off-target discovery, which will advance the global fight against drug-resistant microorganisms. BIODIEM LTD Griffith University $241,564 2
Queensland Associate Professor John Ginger The project seeks to understand the internal pressure in a building during windstorms, to improve safety and performance. The internal pressure in a building is dependent on its volume and flexibility and the sizes of openings in the building envelope, and is a critical loading parameter in building design. Windstorm damage investigations have shown that incorrect internal pressures are frequently used in building design, leading to damage. This project aims to study the internal pressures generated in buildings with a range of volumes and openings in the envelope. A combination of model-scale and full-scale tests and theoretical analysis are planned to determine critical parameters for highly turbulent air-flow though openings. Results will inform the revision of design data in codes and of guidelines for consistent, optimal design of buildings. AUSTRALIAN STEEL INSTITUTE LTD; JDH CONSULTING; SCOTT WOOLCOCK CONSULTING PTY LTD James Cook University $185,000 3
Queensland Professor Lin Schwarzkopf This project aims to use novel acoustic techniques to detect and capture invasive frog species to protect native species. Invasive frogs are an under-appreciated but serious ecological problem worldwide, because they are voracious predators and are often toxic to native species. Male frogs call to attract mates, and answer calls they hear. Using new acoustic technologies, these behaviours can be exploited to detect species and attract gravid females for removal. This project aims to combine an early warning system (electronic listening) and trap (calling and catching), which can be customised to any invasive frog, and use it to detect and remove cane toads, especially in low density populations. ANINDILYAKWA LAND COUNCIL; DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT James Cook University $593,519 3
Queensland Dr Anup Basu The project aims to examine links between cognitive changes and financial decision-making in late adulthood and also to assess the preparedness of the elderly to combat financial risks due to age-related cognitive decline. Further, it intends to examine how age, education, wealth, health, and other environmental factors influence transfer of financial decision-making responsibilities to spouses or others. It is expected that the research will provide a greater understanding of how cognitive functioning and other factors affect older adults’ financial capacity and willingness to delegate decision-making responsibilities. This understanding could be used to inform policy initiatives to protect elderly individuals and their family members from the risk of financial mismanagement. ALZHEIMER'S AUSTRALIA DEMENTIA RESEARCH FOUNDATION LTD/ALZHEIMERS AUSTRALIA RESEARCH LIMITED Queensland University of Technology $164,000 3
Queensland Associate Professor Richard Brown This project plans to improve the monitoring of our waterways by developing a novel moving drifter system that takes flow and water quality measurements along the pathlines of the drifters. One of the key challenges for Australian water management lies in monitoring and managing rivers and estuaries effectively over large geographical areas. Traditionally, instrumentation at stationary points has been used for such monitoring, under the simplifying assumption that a single point adequately represents a very large region of water. By contrast, the Real-Time Flow Logging of Water (RT-FLOW) system expects to provide information from large regions of our waterways, providing stakeholders with more information to enable them to better manage issues including storm surge and erosion. The project also aims to provide improved validation of hydrodynamic models. SUNSHINE COAST REGIONAL COUNCIL Queensland University of Technology $397,000 3
Queensland Professor Christine Bruce This project plans to establish an information literacy framework to inform the design and delivery of information to Australia's migrant communities. Migration is the major component of population growth in Australia. Between 1996 and 2013, Australia’s overseas-born population grew by 51 per cent to 6.4 million people. To participate in and contribute to Australia and its social, economic and cultural life, migrants must be able to make informed choices. Access to information that is timely, accurate, relevant and tailored to their specific needs is essential for all Australian migrants. This project intends to contribute to an empirically-derived evidence base for migrant information literacy in Australia. MULTILINK COMMUNITY SERVICES INC Queensland University of Technology $153,000 3
Queensland Professor Uwe Dulleck This project aims to develop and evaluate an incentive-based program to increase the school attendance and performance of Indigenous students to help alleviate current inequalities between Indigenous and non-indigenous Australians. Only 43 per cent of Indigenous Australians graduate from high school compared to 78 per cent for non-Indigenous Australians. The study plans to investigate whether high value rewards (e.g. driving licence instruction) are effective in incentivising year 11 and 12 students. It also aims to examine whether the way incentives are provided — ex-post as traditionally done or ex-ante in the form of a trust-based contract — increase high school completion rates of Indigenous students where previous incentive schemes have failed. FOGS LIMITED/FORMER ORIGIN GREATS Queensland University of Technology $218,000 3
Queensland Professor Marcus Foth The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate innovative interaction and visualisation approaches that allow the insurance sector to include social media and crowdsourced data in risk identification and assessment. This data, combined with traditional risk assessment information, offers time-critical insights into emerging hazards and threats. The study aims to deliver methods and tools to crowdsource data from contributors through sensing and active sharing, as well as novel interaction and visualisation approaches to aid in the analysis of the resulting data. The project intends to benefit both the insurers and the insured by making non-traditional data sources available for risk assessment and prevention. ARCH UNDERWRITING AT LLOYD'S (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD; DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND MINES Queensland University of Technology $298,907 3
Queensland Dr Veronica Garcia Hansen This project aims to investigate the relationship between indoor lighting, visual comfort, and office workers’ wellbeing for green buildings in Australia. Around 50 per cent of workers in green commercial buildings in subtropical climates have reported visual discomfort from glass facades and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Visual discomfort could affect people’s performance. It could also increase energy consumption due to users’ interventions, causing a clear mismatch between design intent and final results. The project aims to relate the luminous environment to occupant responses and to use a novel tool for capturing physical and psychological properties of luminous environments through smart phones. The outcome should be a predictive model of visual comfort for better design of buildings. AECOM AUSTRALIA PTY LTD; THE TRUSTEE FOR SJC TRUST/LIGHT NATURALLY Queensland University of Technology $285,000 3
Queensland Professor Yuantong Gu This project plans to develop a novel modelling framework to accurately represent the biomechanical properties of red blood cells (RBCs) over time under stored conditions. Stored RBCs suffer ageing-related deformability changes which impede RBC functions. The framework aims to integrate models for RBC membrane, inside haemoglobin and outside storage solution, and accounts for ageing effects by embedding time-dependent correlations. It should provide new insights and understanding of the mechanisms of deformability changes of RBCs during stored lifespan. Therefore, it should significantly improve blood storage industry practices in terms of improving RBC storage protocols with preventative ageing strategies. AUSTRALIAN RED CROSS BLOOD SERVICE Queensland University of Technology $350,000 3
Queensland Professor Lin Ma The aim of this project is to develop innovative methodologies for the implementation of condition-based maintenance in the sugar milling industry. This is designed to optimise the allocation of limited maintenance resources and to significantly reduce the $350 million spent on maintenance in the industry each year. New methodologies will account for the seasonality of production and the complexity of allocating limited maintenance resources across numerous equipment items and different production sites. The intended outcome of the project will improve the efficiency of maintenance and hence the global competitiveness of the Australian sugar industry. WILMAR SUGAR PTY LTD; ASSET INSTITUTE LIMITED Queensland University of Technology $150,000 2
Queensland Professor Mahen Mahendran This project plans to develop design rules and mullion profiles to support the use of façades using aluminium members with complex shapes. The façade is of great importance to the structural safety, energy efficiency and aesthetics of a building. Commonly used façade systems are made of glass supported by aluminium mullions with complex shapes. Current aluminium design standards do not consider the instability and failures caused by wind actions on facades using such complex aluminium members. This project aims to conduct full-scale tests and develop advanced numerical models to resolve several critical problems and identify designs with superior wind resistance. Based on this, the project aims to provide innovative, accurate and safe design rules for the façade engineering profession and building industry. G JAMES GLASS & ALUMINIUM PTY. LTD./G JAMES GLASS & ALUMINIUM PTY LTD Queensland University of Technology $199,824 2
Queensland Professor Greg Marston This project seeks to explore the transition to work of young people with a disability and, in particular, the role that digital technologies can play in improving self-determination and employment. Promoting self-determination, workforce participation and job retention are key planks in Australia’s policy reforms in the field of disability services. In 2013, Australia invested $750 million to support access to employment for people with disabilities. However, 70 per cent of this group did not keep their jobs beyond the initial six months. The project aims to provide new knowledge for policy and service delivery and deliver a web-based platform to facilitate self-determination for young people with a disability. JOBS AUSTRALIA LIMITED; DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT AUSTRALIA Queensland University of Technology $238,265 3
Queensland Dr Kathy Mills This project plans to broaden the range of resources for students to communicate emotions through speech, writing and images. Such communication is important for social and economic success, particularly for disadvantaged students, and it is now part of the Australian curriculum. However, research shows that teachers are not equipped to teach these new curriculum requirements. The project unites a consortium of schools, visual media experts and policy makers to address this problem. The outcomes are expected to include innovative approaches to strengthen students' language skills for emotional expression and wellbeing, and e-learning resources for both teachers and students. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT/DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION & TRAINING; BIG PICTURE INDUSTRIES INC; YUGUMBIR STATE SCHOOL; FLAGSTONE STATE SCHOOL; MARSDEN STATE SCHOOL Queensland University of Technology $191,772 3
Queensland Dr Ronald Schroeter This project aims to reduce risky driving behaviours through novel augmented reality applications for three-dimensional head-up displays, making safe driving more engaging so that drivers will take less risk. Over 1 million people are killed and 50 million are seriously injured on roads each year worldwide. Risky driving behaviours (speeding and distracted driving) are major causes. This project intends to produce novel in-car interaction design implementations, provide important visual design guidelines for future display technologies, and provide novel road safety interventions. HONDA RESEARCH INSTITUTE USA, INC. Queensland University of Technology $300,000 3
Queensland Professor Martin Sillence This project aims to explore the causes of equine laminitis, and to work with a newly-established Australian biopharma company to develop the world's first anti-laminitis medication. Equine laminitis is a painful, crippling disease of the foot, often necessitating euthanasia, and is the second-most common cause of death in domestic horses. In 2007, a landmark study identified insulin toxicity as a primary cause of laminitis, and subsequent research has identified over-stimulation of the IGF-1 receptor as the most likely mechanism. This project aims to prove that mechanism and to develop an effective treatment. NEXVET AUSTRALIA PTY LTD; ANIMAL HEALTH FOUNDATION Queensland University of Technology $347,496 3
Queensland Professor Susan Walker This project aims to develop a sustainable, play-based program to increase the executive functions of children in the year prior to school. Executive functions (EF) are cognitive processes that control an individual’s behaviour and cognition and include processes such as working memory, inhibitory control and attention. There is evidence that EF skills are critical to a successful transition to formal learning environments and future academic achievement, and that they are amenable to early intervention. Improving children’s EF skills in the year prior to school could produce lasting benefits across the school years, particularly for more vulnerable children. This project intends to inform professional development programs in early childhood education. VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY; THE GOWRIE (QLD) INC./LADY GOWRIE CHILD CENTRE; DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT/DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Queensland University of Technology $214,857 3
Queensland Associate Professor Patrik Wikstrom This project aims to conduct a comprehensive and systematic examination of changing music consumption patterns in Australia in an era of digital downloads. Based on a comprehensive longitudinal dataset on music use in Australia provided by industry partners, the project plans to use innovative computational methods to develop and test evidence-based models for generating, sharing and distributing music revenues. It also plans to examine the current and future uses of music usage data in decision-making processes in music organisations, as well as the potential consequences of such use for practitioners and industry stakeholders. The project aims to support the future growth of the Australian music industry. NIGHTLIFE MUSIC PTY LTD/NIGHTLIFE MUSIC VIDEO PTY LTD; D-STAR MUSIC DELIVERY PTY LTD; AUSTRALASIAN PERFORMING RIGHT ASSOCIATION LTD/APRA Queensland University of Technology $274,139 3
Queensland Dr Oksana Zelenko This project aims to design, implement and test a novel model of integrated mental health service that links a new mobile interactive tool-kit for self-directed help-seeking with existing traditional helpline services for young people. In partnership with Australia’s largest youth counselling service, Kids Helpline, the project seeks to investigate mobile technology in youth counselling and develop new understandings of blended traditional and mobile mental health interventions. It aims to design and evaluate an interactive tool-kit that provides credible health information through mobile devices, improving the quality and credibility of digital services to benefit the wellbeing of young Australians. BOYSTOWN KIDS HELP LINE Queensland University of Technology $341,794 3
Queensland Professor David Abramson Energy efficiency is a critical challenge in building next-generation supercomputers. This project aims to provide a new energy-tuning tool integrated with Cray’s systems, to simplify the process of tuning hybrid applications and managing efficient energy use. Although hardware components play a dominant role in saving energy, heterogeneous systems offer the opportunity to exploit the extremely high concurrency with modest energy consumption using accelerators. Accordingly, the future of parallel computing must consider the trade-off between obtaining the optimal performance and the allowed power budget. The project plans to design parallel programming environments that support energy analysis and tuning. CRAY INC The University of Queensland $430,000 3
Queensland Professor Kirill Alexandrov This project aims to develop a novel strategy for the production of polypeptides with unnatural chemical groups using a sense codon reassignment approach. Novel peptides could be used in a range of pharmaceutical applications. Peptides made of 20 natural amino acids cover only a very small fraction of the available chemical and functional space. While a peptide’s functionality can be extended with unnatural amino acids, the methods for their site-selective incorporation are inefficient. The project’s strategy relies on the depletion of selected tRNAs from an in vitro protein translation system and their replacement with synthetic tRNAs, charged with unnatural amino acids. It is expected that the developed technology could be used to rapidly generate and screen highly diversified macrocyclic peptide libraries. PHYLOGICA LIMITED The University of Queensland $670,242 3
Queensland Professor Roy Ballantyne This project aims to improve the educational value of zoos and aquariums in teaching and engaging the public about conservation issues. Although zoos and aquariums claim their current education programs are effective in reaching and educating the public on conservation issues, research shows their influence on visitors’ environmental behaviour is limited. The project intends to investigate the influence of zoo and aquarium visitors’ values or broad life goals on their environmental learning outcomes; develop values-based conservation education strategies; and measure the impact of these on visitors’ adoption of conservation actions. The intended outcomes are guidelines that will replace the current ‘one size fits all’ conservation messages with tailored experiences that attract, engage and influence those for whom environmental care and protection are not necessarily of central concern. ZOOLOGICAL PARKS AND GARDENS BOARD/MELBOURNE ZOO; TARONGA ZOO; ROYAL ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA INC/ADELAIDE ZOO; PERTH ZOO; SHEDD AQUARIUM; VANCOUVER AQUARIUM; NORTH CAROLINA AQUARIUM; ST LOUIS ZOO; DENVER ZOO; PHILADELPHIA ZOO; BROOKFIELD ZOO; OREGON ZOO; WOODLAND PARK ZOO The University of Queensland $236,822 3
Queensland Professor Michael Bennett The project aims to answer key questions about the biology, ecology and sustainability of the world’s manta ray species to provide the information and tools for management and conservation of these charismatic and valuable species. In particular, the project aims to determine the likely impact of climate variability and fisheries that operate to Australia’s north on manta-based ecotourism in the Indo-Pacific region, as climate change and active low-value fisheries may both jeopardise a high-value ecotourism industry. The project seeks to explore geographic distributions, local and large-scale movements, population sizes, structure, and inter-connectivity in the region to assess the effect of climate and fisheries on manta ray populations. AUSTRAL FISHERIES PTY LTD; EARTHWATCH INSTITUTE; LADY ELLIOT ISLAND ECO RESORT; NINGALOO MARINE ; TG KALIS MARINE CONSERVATION FUND The University of Queensland $315,236 3
Queensland Associate Professor Matthew Dargusch This project aims to develop new alloy processing technology to improve the material properties of biodegradable products such as plates, microclips and wound-closing devices. The project aims to understand and model the role of external fields such as ultrasonic treatment in the development of microstructure, including grain nucleation and formation processes, in biodegradable magnesium alloy components. The project plans to fabricate and evaluate the performance of medical devices incorporating ultrasonically processed alloy products. Project outcomes are intended to be used to optimise the application of external fields for property and processing improvement. COOK MEDICAL AUSTRALIA PTY LTD The University of Queensland $344,325 3
Queensland Dr Nangallage Fernando This project aims to investigate the structural behaviour of innovative hybrid fibre reinforced polymer–timber composite (FRPTC) thin-walled members which could be used as structural members in roof systems, façade systems, floor systems, etc. These FRPTC sections are made by taking advantage of the orthotropic material properties. Unlike sawn timber, these structures have efficient cross-sectional shapes and can be made easily in different sizes to match the requirements. Preliminary studies have shown promising results, however the behaviour of these novel FRPTC members is not yet fully understood. This project aims to investigate the behaviour of these novel FRPTC thin-walled members, specifically Cee-section members. R BLACKWELL & G.M WINTER/FACET CONSULTING ENGINEERS; DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FISHERIES AND FORESTRY The University of Queensland $284,384 3
Queensland Dr Stefano Freguia This project aims to reduce the strain on urban wastewater treatment plants by removing and recovering nutrients from water collected in residential and commercial buildings. Urban wastewater treatment plants in Australia are under pressure from increasing population and urbanisation, and there are also ever stricter environmental regulations on discharge of nutrients (mainly nitrogen and phosphorus) into receiving waters. With many plants operating close to capacity, water utilities may face large expenditure to increase the capacity of existing treatment facilities. This project proposes an alternative solution: decentralised removal and recovery of nutrients from urine separated at the source. It is planned that novel microbial fuel cell technology will be developed to deliver an economical solution, which will additionally generate valuable fertiliser as a by-product. CENTRAL SEQ DISTRIBUTOR-RETAILER AUTHORITY/QUEENSLAND URBAN UTILITIES; AUSTRALIAN BIOREFINING PTY LTD The University of Queensland $420,000 3
Queensland Dr Richard Fuller This project seeks to determine how Australia’s coastal environments can be managed to aid in the recovery of threatened shorebird species. Millions of migratory shorebirds arrive in Australia each year from their Arctic breeding grounds, yet many of these iconic species are in rapid decline, and two were recently nominated as nationally threatened in Australia. Recovering these threatened species is an important priority. The project aims to discover when and where to act to recover declining migratory species. It also plans to assess the strength of protective mechanisms already in place in Australia and overseas to protect migratory species from extinction, and determine how to improve protection for migrants when they arrive on Australia’s shores. BURNETT MARY REGIONAL GROUP FOR NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT INC.; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND HERITAGE PROTECTION/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; QUEENSLAND WADER STUDY GROUP The University of Queensland $315,555 3
Queensland Professor Benjamin Hankamer This project aims to improve the efficiency of advanced single-celled green algae (microalgae) production systems which can produce a wide range of high-value products including renewable fuels and animal feeds. Such systems are able to expand photosynthetic capacity onto non-arable land using carbon dioxide and saline water. However, production efficiencies and costs are currently limited by the ability to capture and distribute light through these systems effectively. This project aims to optimise methods of light delivery and distribution through photo-bioreactors and high rate ponds. This knowledge is intended to be integrated into advanced modelling tools to enable model-guided design of next-generation high-efficiency systems. KELLOGG BROWN & ROOT PTY LTD; MURADEL PTY LTD The University of Queensland $340,000 3
Queensland Professor Han Huang This project seeks to understand the role of nanoparticles in the lubrication of hot strip rolling and then to develop novel nano-additive water-based lubricants to solve a long-standing issue for the steel-making industry. Lubrication significantly affects the surface quality of hot-rolled strips, roll wear and energy consumption in the steel-making industry. Currently, oil-based lubricants are used. However, their lubricant effect is considerably reduced by the use of high pressure cooling water, and the waste discharge is of environmental concern. Successful outcomes for the project are expected to improve product quality and reduce resource use. BAOSTEEL COMPANY The University of Queensland $377,000 3
Queensland Professor Evgueni Jak The aim of the project is to provide new data and thermodynamic modelling tools to be used in the development of the next generation of lead metal smelting, refining and recycling processes used to recycle electronic materials, process hazardous wastes and recover valuable metals. The intention is to combine recently developed experimental techniques with the latest advances in FactSage chemical thermodynamic modelling to overcome long-standing experimental and modelling obstacles. The new experimental data and databases are intended to provide important information on high-temperature chemistry of complex phase equilibria and on the distribution of minor elements in multiphase systems. NYRSTAR PORT PIRIE PTY LTD; OUTOTEC AUSMELT PTY LTD/AUSMELT LIMITED; UMICORE NV; AURUBIS AG The University of Queensland $615,000 3
Queensland Dr Carissa Klein This projects aims to develop models that can determine the ecological and economic impacts of land-use changes (e.g. agriculture) on fisheries and assess alternative land-use plans that seek to maximise economic opportunity while protecting fisheries. Fisheries support the livelihoods of 12 per cent of the world’s population. Land-based activities are among the most significant threats to coral reef fisheries because sediments and nutrients degrade reefs, yet they are often ignored in fisheries management. By improving the sustainability of coastal development, biodiversity conservation, and health of fisheries, the models developed by the project could deliver socio-economic and environmental benefits for millions of people reliant upon fisheries for their livelihoods. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY The University of Queensland $146,341 2
Queensland Dr Olav Krause This project aims to develop, implement and test an innovative state estimation algorithm for monitoring low voltage electricity distribution networks. The proposed system is an essential step to enable a range of smart network applications to manage peak network loads and increasing amounts of solar photovoltaic generation. The project includes a prototype application and field trial for managing the operational state of part of the network to keep within safe loading limits. It may also facilitate future new technologies such as demand-side management, energy storage and electric vehicles. By managing peak loading, the project could defer or eliminate capital-intensive network augmentations and associated customer electricity price increases. ERGON ENERGY CORPORATION LIMITED/ERGON ENERGY; ENERGEX LIMITED/ENERGEX The University of Queensland $298,239 3
Queensland Professor Eric McFarland This project aims to deliver cost-effective, high-performance carbon fibres from polyethylene through the use of novel catalysts and advanced processing techniques. Carbon fibre-reinforced composites are extremely strong and light fibre-reinforced polymers that are commonly used wherever high strength-to-weight ratio and rigidity are required, such as in aerospace, automotive and civil engineering applications. However, broader market uptake is currently limited by carbon fibre costs. The project aims to deliver high-quality fibre with real potential to capture a share of the $14-billion carbon fibre composite market. DOW CHEMICAL (AUSTRALIA) LTD The University of Queensland $159,661 2
Queensland Professor Jochen Mueller This project aims to systematically collect and analyse wastewater to assess human exposure to chemicals including drugs, pharmaceuticals, lifestyle chemicals and environmental pollutants. By combining temporal sampling from key sewage treatment plants with comprehensive nationwide sampling over the week of the 2016 census day, the project expects to estimate the per-capita human exposure to chemicals in the Australian population. Accurate and objective per-capita based consumption and release estimates for a wide range of chemicals is intended to provide a baseline against which to measure changes in our chemosphere. QUEENSLAND HEALTH FORENSIC AND SCIENTIFIC SERVICES; HEALTHY WATERWAYS LTD; AUSTRALIAN TAXATION OFFICE; AUSTRALIAN CRIME COMMISSION; DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH; TURNING POINT ALCOHOL AND DRUG CENTRE; UNIVERSITY OF ANTWERP, BELGIUM; MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; TASMANIAN WATER AND SEWERAGE CORPORATION (SOUTHERN REGION) PTY LTD/SOUTHERN WATER; CENTRAL SEQ DISTRIBUTOR-RETAILER AUTHORITY/QUEENSLAND URBAN UTILITIES; DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION AND THE ARTS The University of Queensland $603,798 4
Queensland Professor Lars Nielsen This project aims to improve vaccine production by generating detailed molecular maps of fermentation which will be used to design superior fermentation processes with reduced cost. Toxoid vaccines, used routinely in the livestock industry to prevent animal-disease caused by pathogenic Clostridia, are produced using batch fermentation processes. These processes have undergone limited optimisation over the past five decades. Low titres and frequent batch failures greatly affect capital use and represent a significant cost. In addition, current optimisation approaches are limited by the use of expensive and noisy endpoint assays. This project aims to use high-throughput chemistry (multi-omics) that overcome these limitations. ZOETIS AUSTRALIA RESEARCH & MANUFACTURING PTY LTD The University of Queensland $488,000 3
Queensland Associate Professor Brent Ritchie Climate change is one of the most critical challenges societies collectively face today and in the future. Voluntary carbon offsetting offers a solution that avoids politically costly mandatory offset schemes. Yet, currently very few people purchase carbon offsets voluntarily; fewer than 10% of air travellers, for example. There is significant untapped growth potential. This project will (1) profile consumers interested in voluntarily purchasing carbon offsets, (2) identify motivational sub-segments among them, and (3) develop and experimentally test carbon offset offers for domestic flights targeted at these segments. Findings will generalise beyond carbon offsetting for air traffic. CARBON MARKET INSTITUTE The University of Queensland $160,000 3
Queensland Dr Kristofer Thurecht This project aims to develop and optimise a novel platform technology that will assist in the development of hybrid materials consisting of nanomaterials and biomolecules, which form the basis of many commercial diagnostic devices. A novel antibody, MIL38, will provide the test bed for the technology, which will aim to deliver a platform that is stable under physiological conditions and that enables facile conjugation of nanomaterials with antibodies. This project has the potential to rapidly improve the ligation process between synthetic nanomaterials and biologics, leading to more efficient synthesis of targeted diagnostics. This would provide a significant commercial advantage for any nanomaterials developed for the field, and specifically for this project, expedite translation of MIL38. MINOMIC INTERNATIONAL LTD The University of Queensland $360,000 3
Queensland Professor Chengzhong Yu This project aims to develop a new nano-pesticide with improved safety and performance. Ticks and buffalo fly cause over $400 million each year in economic losses to the Australian livestock industry and are currently treated with highly toxic synthetic pesticides. Spinosad, a naturally derived pesticide with low environmental impact and low toxicity, will be loaded into silica hollow spheres which will improve adhesion to skin or hair and protect against ultraviolet degradation. The nano-spinosad pesticide is expected to have enhanced efficacy and effective duration in field conditions compared to conventional pesticides, significantly reducing the cost of pest control. ELANCO ANIMAL HEALTH The University of Queensland $330,000 3
Queensland Professor Zhiguo Yuan This project plans to use a newly discovered, low-cost and environmental benign antimicrobial agent to develop an innovative technology to control the development of corrosion-inducing sewer biofilms. Concrete sewer corrosion is a long-standing and costly problem for the water industry. Microbial hydrogen sulfide oxidation on concrete surfaces plays a critical role. The technology will be designed to prevent corrosion of new concrete sewers by adding a precursor chemical into the cement, or to slow down the corrosion of existing sewers by infrequently (once every one to few years) spraying the precursor chemical directly onto the concrete surface. Potentially, the project will substantially reduce sewer corrosion. COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF GOLD COAST; DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA WATER AND SEWER AUTHORITY; SOUTH EAST WATER CORPORATION/SOUTH EAST WATER LTD The University of Queensland $370,384 3
Queensland Dr Baojun Zhao This project aims to investigate mechanisms of copper loss during smelting and find new ways to reduce the loss. Smelting, which produces copper matte product and slag tailings, is an important step of the copper-making process from copper sulphides. The loss of copper to slag can be as high as 12 per cent. The project aims to create new knowledge about copper loss by matte droplets floated with gas bubbles generated by chemical reactions to the slag phase. The outcomes are intended to enable copper smelters to maximise direct copper recovery, reduce copper production costs and increase the productivity of the smelting process. NATIONAL COPPER CORPORATION OF CHILE; DONGYING FANGYUAN NON-FERROUS METAL CO LTD The University of Queensland $380,000 3
Queensland Professor John Zhu This project aims to develop high-performance electrode materials used in reversible solid oxide cells (RSOC), which are a promising electrical energy storage technology. RSOC can work as solid oxide electrolysis cells for fuel production from electricity and as solid oxide fuel cells for electricity generation from fuel. The RSOC technology has the potential to provide a large-scale electrical energy storage solution for the widespread penetration of intermittent renewable energy resources into the electrical grid. DIRECT ENERGY HOLDINGS PTY LTD The University of Queensland $585,000 4
Queensland Professor Helen Partridge With over 111 million annual visits, libraries are fundamental to Australia's social fabric and increasingly to its success as a national economy. In the current volatile economic climate Australia's libraries are being called upon to do more with less. This project aims to help Australia's libraries to contribute in a more powerful way to national productivity by helping library and information professionals make tough decisions in an environment where there is competition for limited resources. This project aims, for the first time, build an evidence base on research in Australia's library and information profession. It will establish a framework that can be used by library and information professionals to build a research culture that enables the adoption of "practitioner-researcher" as an approach to professional practice. AUSTRALIAN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION ASSOCIATION LTD; STATE LIBRARY OF NEW SOUTH WALES University of Southern Queensland $219,959 3
Queensland Professor Paul Salmon This project aims to understand how reporting systems can improve workplace safety. Workplace injury affects over 600 000 Australian workers per year at a cost of approximately $60 billion. Although the introduction of incident reporting systems has enabled organisations to better understand the causes of injuries, how to translate this knowledge into effective countermeasures remains ambiguous. Moreover, it is not clear whether adopting incident reporting systems actually leads to a safety benefit. This research intends to tackle these critical knowledge gaps by developing, implementing, and testing a process for translating incident reporting system outputs into appropriate and effective injury countermeasures, and then evaluating the safety effects of adopting the new incident reporting and learning cycle. AUSTRALIAN CAMPS ASSOCIATION ; THE OUTDOOR EDUCATION GROUP; OUTDOOR COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA INC; SPORT AND RECREATION VICTORIA; VICTORIAN YMCA ACCOMMODATION SERVICES PTY LTD University of the Sunshine Coast $497,600 5
Queensland Dr Bridie Scott-Parker This project plans to develop a best-practice model to enable professional instructors to teach essential higher-order skills (e.g. hazard perception) to young learner drivers to establish safe driving behaviours. Australian young drivers aged 17–25 years comprise 13 per cent of the population but 22 per cent of road deaths. More effective teaching models are expected to reduce young drivers’ crash risk when they drive unsupervised. The project aims to develop and assess the effectiveness of the model including the impact on instructor teaching practices, and changes in young driver skills, attitudes, and driving behaviours including crashes and offences. It also aims to assess instructor and young driver perceptions of the model. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH; TMR; ROYAL AUTOMOBILE CLUB OF QUEENSLAND (RACQ); AUSTRALIAN DRIVER TRAINERSASSOCIATION QLD INC/A D T A QLD; EASYAS DRIVER TRAINING AUSTRALIA; DRIVINGLESSONS.COM.AU PTY. LTD. University of the Sunshine Coast $438,000 5
Queensland Professor Peter Timms This project aims to develop a vaccine against koala retrovirus (KoRV) to arrest the increasing loss of animals due to this infection. Along with Chlamydia, KoRV threatens the long-term survival of the koala. KoRV infects over 95 per cent of Australia’s koalas and has been strongly linked to lymphoma and leukemia. Although quarantine and antiretroviral drug treatment are possible control measures, they are impractical in the wild, leaving vaccination as the only realistic option. This is valuable for both wild and captive koalas; zoos report high animal losses due to KoRV-associated lymphoma. The main outcome will be a KoRV vaccine which can be combined with a Chlamydia vaccine which is being developed in parallel. ENDEAVOUR VETERINARY ECOLOGY PTY LTD; ZOOS SOUTH AUSTRALIA; DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AND MAIN ROADS; AUSTRALIA ZOO WILDLIFE WARRIORS WORLDWIDE LTD; FRIENDS OF THE KOALA; VACCINE AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE ORGANISATION University of the Sunshine Coast $488,235 3
South Australia Associate Professor Damien Keating This project aims to gain a deeper understanding of nutrient sensing pathways present in enteroendocrine cells within the human intestine. These cells control digestive function, blood glucose levels and food intake and are thus critical to digestion. This project will endeavour to be the first to assess the biology of human enteroendocrine cells and will use innovative approaches to deeply assess function from the level of the individual to isolated enteroendocrine cells. PFIZER INC The Flinders University of South Australia $370,000 2
South Australia Professor Kostas Mavromaras Demand for aged care services in Australia has reached record levels and is set to rise steeply due to population ageing. The Productivity Commission identified the sector’s need to provide more care services, to expand consumer-directed care and to improve the quality of care.  Currently, there is little evidence as to how the workforce can expand and change to meet these challenges. This project aims to provide new evidence on how to attract, retain and up-skill workers in a rapidly expanding demand environment, as the sector strives to achieve a sustainable and skilled workforce fit for the future needs of older Australians. ELDERCARE INC/ELDERCARE INCORPORATED; THE TRUSTEE FOR JAMES BROWN MEMORIAL TRUST/JAMES BROWN MEMORIAL TRUST; CHURCHES OF CHRIST LIFE CARE INCORPORATED/CHURCHES OF CHRIST LIFE CARE INC The Flinders University of South Australia $195,000 2
South Australia Dr Vincent Post This project aims to develop a methodology for community-led adaptive water management on resource-constrained islands and will involve Indigenous communities in the development of predictive groundwater models. The project plans to apply three-dimensional participatory mapping, a stakeholder engagement process led and owned by the local communities, on Milingimbi Island in the Northern Territory. The extension of the participatory mapping with a subsurface component will then support the conceptualisation and development of a numerical model of the island's groundwater system. The predictive model and community engagement processes are expected to provide a more robust methodology for evaluating future water management plans. The project outcomes will contribute to solving water supply problems in remote communities in Australia, and overseas. POWER AND WATER CORPORATION; THE UNIVERSITY OF AUCKLAND, NZ; AUSTRALIAN NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION The Flinders University of South Australia $420,000 3
South Australia Professor Craig Simmons This project aims to improve the estimation of the age of groundwater. Understanding groundwater age is critical for sustainable management and environmental tracers are increasingly used for this purpose. However, groundwater samples are inevitably mixtures of water of different ages. Since for most tracers the relationship between tracer concentration and age is not linear, different tracers can produce different mean ages for the sample. This project aims to determine whether it is possible to determine moments of the groundwater age distributions from measurements made with different environmental tracers. The project also aims to examine whether the degree of heterogeneity within the aquifer can be determined from the disparity between ages obtained with different tracers. This project aims to tackle the largest problem with using groundwater chemistry to estimate water age – that mixing processes in the subsurface are never known. Solving this problem will allow much more accurate estimates of groundwater velocity and aquifer recharge rates. The groundwater industry contributes an estimated $6.8 billion per annum to the Australian economy, and this project will contribute to the sustainable management of the groundwater resource. COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH ORGANISATION; RIO TINTO LIMITED The Flinders University of South Australia $332,767 3
South Australia Associate Professor James Stangoulis The objective of this project is to identify pathways leading to the accumulation of zinc — an important element for human nutrition — in wheat. The project aims to provide biochemical and molecular markers for breeding programs that will facilitate the selection of superior breeding lines for improved human nutrition and seed health. This project builds on studies using a wheat diversity panel with 90 000 gene-based single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers, where zinc–SNP associations were identified. The project also builds on recent studies that show particular metabolites and macronutrients around anthesis are linked to improved grain zinc concentration at maturity. THE INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR TROPICAL RESEARCH The Flinders University of South Australia $497,009 3
South Australia Professor Dr Wei Zhang This project aims to improve seaweed processing to deliver multiple high-value products including alginate, fucoidan and laminarin, which have food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical uses. The project integrates an advanced biorefinery process with a vortex fluidic device to accelerate chemical reactions, reduce the catalysts and chemicals used, and improve product yield and productivity. Application of the device in the critical steps of enzymatic digestion, acid and alkaline extraction, and precipitation is intended to deliver significant water, energy, chemical and cost saving. It is anticipated that the innovation will lead to the establishment of a new sustainable seaweed processing industry in Australia. AUSTRALIAN KELP PRODUCTS PTY LTD The Flinders University of South Australia $543,000 3
South Australia Dr Ute Baumann This project aims to improve the selection and development of heat-tolerant wheat varieties. Heatwaves seriously reduce wheat yields worldwide, and the situation will worsen with climate variation. This project aims to apply a broad genetic scan to identify the main chromosome regions controlling heat tolerance at the sensitive flowering stage in Australian and European wheat varieties. It is expected that this knowledge will deliver crucial breeders’ tools to select heat-tolerant varieties. The project also aims to identify genes most likely to control tolerance at these chromosome locations using gene expression profiling data, trait associations and knowledge of heat-tolerance genes from other species. It is expected that these genes will reveal molecular mechanisms of heat tolerance and create new opportunities to engineer superior levels of tolerance in cereals. BIOGEMMA The University of Adelaide $517,000 4
South Australia Professor Pavel Bedrikovetski This project aims to develop new nanoparticle technologies to change rock wettability and significantly increase gas production from shale and coal seam gas fields. The project plans to use a unique combination of new theoretical models for suspension transport in fractures and innovative mathematical modelling supported by laboratory studies and validated against field results, to test and develop the new strategies for Australian gas fields. The project is expected to improve understanding of complex physical phenomena associated with natural gas production and to deliver economic benefit to the Australian gas industry. SANTOS LIMITED/SANTOS LTD The University of Adelaide $323,779 3
South Australia Professor Andrew Beer This project plans to analyse survey data, qualitative interviews and detailed case studies to investigate and theorise trends in the relationship between local government and housing supply and demand. It aims to answer a number of questions: What is the role of local government in housing Australians in the 21st century? How have changing economic, social, demographic and political processes affected the interaction between local government and housing over the past decades, and what are the likely impacts in the future? How might a reshaped Australian Federation recast the role of local government in this area of social and economic policy? The research aims to consider inner urban, suburban and regional and rural areas; and to contribute to a healthier and more productive Australia by providing local governments with evidence on their role in the housing market and how they can prepare for the future. CITY OF PLAYFORD; GREATER BENDIGO CITY COUNCIL; LOCAL GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA/LOCAL GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION OF SA; BRIMBANK CITY COUNCIL; RURAL CITY OF MURRAY BRIDGE/THE RURAL CITY OF MURRAY BRIDGE; WAVERLEY COUNCIL; RANDWICK CITY COUNCIL; BERRI BARMERA COUNCIL/THE BERRI BARMERA COUNCIL; CITY OF MT GAMBIER; MOONEE VALLEY CITY COUNCIL The University of Adelaide $290,132 3
South Australia Dr Jennifer Bonham This project focuses on the education and training required by drivers to interact safely with cyclists. It uses two ontologically diverse methodologies to examine how Australian drivers become cyclist aware and the education and training necessary to foster safe driver–cyclist interactions. The project aims to provide a critical knowledge base for state and territory driver education policies and a cycle-aware module for learner drivers. These outcomes are intended to reduce cyclist road trauma and on-road tensions between cyclists and drivers, and to improve opportunities for active travel to tackle the growing issue of inactivity. ROYAL AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA INCORPORATED/ROYAL AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA INC; DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE/DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE; MOTOR ACCIDENT COMMISSION; THE TRUSTEE FOR AMY GILLETT FOUNDATION TRUST/AMY GILLETT FOUNDATION; NORTHERN TERRITORY OF AUSTRALIA/NORTHERN TERRITORY GOVERNMENT; THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF ADELAIDE/CITY OF ADELAIDE The University of Adelaide $180,745 3
South Australia Professor Mark Carroll The project aims to examine the ways that performance is able to shape and challenge prevailing historical narratives in times of social upheaval. In particular, the project aims to document and interpret the impact of World War 1 on the performing arts in urban and regional South Australia. Archival research is expected to generate scholarly outputs, regional exhibitions, and research-informed performances. STATE LIBRARY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA; STATE THEATRE COMPANY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA; ADELAIDE FESTIVAL CENTRE TRUST; ADELAIDE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA PTY LTD/ADELAIDE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA; STATE OPERA OF S A/THE STATE OPERA OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA The University of Adelaide $338,000 3
South Australia Associate Professor Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem This project aims to extend the capabilities of the optical fibre temperature sensor technology developed by the research team, based on microstructured optical fibres and femtosecond laser ablation fibre Bragg gratings, to conduct a range of measurements inside industrial furnace environments that are impossible using existing technology. This device will also be validated within the furnaces located at the minerals and metals processing facility operated by Nyrstar in Port Pirie. This project is designed to enable smelter operators to improve production efficiency, reduce energy consumption, and minimise equipment failure. S.J. CHEESMAN The University of Adelaide $430,000 3
South Australia Dr Murat Karakus This project seeks to develop a new model to predict incipient rock burst in deep mines. Violent sudden energy released during dynamic brittle failure of rocks can kill people and cause serious damages to mining infrastructures. The project aims to investigate formation of micro-fractures on the brittle shear zones during dynamic brittle failure of pristine rocks with a unique experimental methodology under high-pressure-temperature condition. It is anticipated that a new micromechanics-based damage model for brittle rocks will be developed from this. Implementation of the new coupled thermo-mechanical damage model into a finite element should result in realistic simulation of deep mining operations to identify rock-burst prone areas and allow mining managers to avoid potential hazards. OZ MINERALS LIMITED The University of Adelaide $184,000 3
South Australia Professor Graham 'Gus' Nathan The project aims to develop new understanding and tools to support commercial-scale production of biocrude from microalgae or biosolids and enable a breakthrough in cost-effective production of sustainable fuels. A novel hydrothermal liquefaction reactor has been developed that has strong potential to overcome the limitations of Muradel's existing demonstration reactor which, while world-leading, is uneconomical at commercial scale. The project aims to develop design tools to optimise the new reactor, comprising a chemical model of the complex, multi-component hydrothermal liquefaction reactions, a computational model of the mixing and heat transfer within it and a network model of the energy and exergy flows. MURADEL PTY LTD; PURDUE UNIVERSITY, WEST LAFAYETTE, USA The University of Adelaide $645,000 3
South Australia Dr Seth Westra The project aims to develop a unified approach to quantifying flood risk. Because flooding is caused by multiple mechanisms such as extreme rainfall, storm surge and astronomical tide, accurately estimating flood levels in the Australian coastal zone is challenging. By quantifying flood risk in terms of these mechanisms, the project is expected to provide reliable flood risk estimates for both historical settings and future climate scenarios. The improved estimation should enable Australian water agencies and policy-makers to effectively design defence infrastructure (e.g. drainage systems) and urban planning policies to adapt to future flood risk. WATER CORPORATION The University of Adelaide $156,905 3
South Australia Dr Gottfried Lechner This project aims to improve the Cospas-Sarsat search and rescue system to ensure faster, more reliable, more accurate, and more cost-effective search and rescue operations, ultimately saving lives. The satellite-based Cospas-Sarsat system has assisted with the emergency rescue of more than 35 000 lives worldwide since its introduction in 1982. A second generation of this system is currently under development, promising to significantly improve detection rate and localisation accuracy. However, in an emergency, the system’s performance is often compromised due to interference and atmospheric effects, leading to false detections that waste valuable resources. This project aims to develop novel techniques to improve this performance. HONEYWELL GLOBAL TRACKING LTD; AUSTRALIAN MARITIME SAFETY AUTHORITY University of South Australia $169,168 2
South Australia Professor Stanley Miklavcic This project plans to develop mathematical tools that will help to identify cereal plant varieties with the highest yield. This is a critical responsibility of plant breeders and many Australian breeders acquire and store important information related to the issue. However, there are as yet no mathematical tools that are able to co-analyse the heterogeneous and high-dimensional data in order to understand how external and internal factors correlate with the major growth and development stages at the crop level. This project seeks to develop and implement mathematical and statistical tools to analyse genetic, agronomic and phenomic factors that affect plant performance, to deliver advanced yield prediction. AUSTRALIAN GRAIN TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD/AUSTRALIAN GRAIN TECHNOLOGIES University of South Australia $395,000 3
South Australia Professor Clive Prestidge This project aims to develop and validate an advanced in vitro model of the human intestinal epithelium. The intestine-on-chip model should enable mechanistic studies of the uptake of nano- and micron-size particles by intestinal cells and deliver new insights into the way particulate carriers can be specifically targeted and transported across the intestinal epithelium. Project knowledge and technology are anticipated to generate new commercialisation opportunities in the oral delivery industry and ultimately, should drive the development of efficient oral formulations for biologics. The model should  also reduce the need for animal studies. CERAMISPHERE PTY LIMITED University of South Australia $396,547 3
South Australia Dr Peter Pudney The project aims to develop new train control theory to determine the efficient movement of multiple trains, and to demonstrate a practical system for coordinating trains, on busy intercity rail corridors. Railways around the world are now deploying driver advice systems developed by the research team and the partner organisation, TTG Transportation Technology. The project is designed to enable these systems to coordinate the movements of many trains on a congested rail network to improve timekeeping, smooth the flow of traffic, increase capacity and reduce energy use. TTG TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY PTY LIMITED University of South Australia $430,000 3
South Australia Professor Nicolas Voelcker This project aims to develop fit-for-purpose mass spectrometry tools for roadside and workplace testing of illicit drugs. The technology will be based on nanostructured semiconductor chips that are surface-functionalised to enable molecular capture without extensive sample processing and subsequent detection by a novel combination of techniques. The technology is expected to be applicable to saliva, sweat and urine samples. PERKIN ELMER PTY LTD/E G AND G PERKIN ELMER PTY LTD; FORENSIC SCIENCE SA University of South Australia $322,616 3
Tasmania Professor David Bowman This project aims to examine the effects of traditional Aboriginal and contemporary fire management on kangaroo abundance. There is concern that the cessation of Aboriginal patch burning is causing savanna kangaroo populations to decline across northern Australia. In this project, surveys will be planned to determine whether fire regime (frequency, extent, season) affects kangaroo distribution and abundance and the degree to which non-native large herbivores compete with kangaroos for forage. Experiments will also be planned to discover how the season of burning influences forage quality and quantity. This project is designed to determine if patch burning can be used for ecological restoration in areas where this type of fire management has ceased and for improvement of tropical savanna fire management. BUSH HERITAGE AUSTRALIA; WUNAMBAL GAAMBERA ABORIGINAL CORPORATION/WUNAMBAL GAAMBERA ABORIGINAL CORP University of Tasmania $394,853 4
Tasmania Professor Graham Edgar This project aims to improve our understanding of inshore ecosystems to facilitate better management of our living marine heritage. The project first aims to extend field datasets on the density and distribution of thousands of marine fishes, invertebrates and macro-algae. These will then be combined using recent advances in quantitative ecological modelling to describe transfer of biomass between species at hundreds of sites, with a primary focus on southern Australia. It is anticipated that this will provide site-level indices of major food web processes that, when combined with ‘before, after, control, impact’ data, will improve prediction of ecological consequences of fishing, climate change, pest outbreaks and pollution. PARKS AND WILDLIFE SERVICE; DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES; PARKS VICTORIA; DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT WATER AND NATURAL RESOURCES; SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION University of Tasmania $900,000 4
Tasmania Professor Christopher Johnson This project explores whether guardian dogs can be used to reduce predation on threatened native wildlife. Guardian dogs are ancient breeds of dogs that live with livestock and protect them from wild predators. The project aims to measure the impacts of guardian dogs on distribution and behaviour of feral cats and red foxes, and monitor trial reintroductions of eastern barred bandicoots in the presence of guardian dogs. It aims to provide an innovative solution to one of Australia's most significant conservation problems: the persistent failure of attempts to reintroduce threatened species to open landscapes with invasive predators. ZOOS VICTORIA University of Tasmania $300,000 3
Tasmania Dr Gregor Macfarlane This project aims to address one of the biggest risk factors to the Sydney ferry system, by ensuring the waves that new ferries generate are minimised. This would reduce the impact on other users of this busy waterway or damage to the surrounding infrastructure or environment. Modernising Sydney’s fleet of iconic passenger ferries is an integral part of the New South Wales Government’s long-term transport master plan. The project is intended to predict the waves produced by any proposed ferry operation, allowing changes to be made to minimise waves during early planning stages. The new method for predicting the complex wave phenomenon is designed to provide more comprehensive and accurate assessments than conventional technologies. TRANSPORT FOR NSW University of Tasmania $192,767 3
Tasmania Professor Jan Olivier This project will develop a new generation of sensors that will process incoming seismic waves from an active source to accurately estimate the properties of underground rock mass in real time. This will lead to safer mining operations that will decrease the number of injuries and deaths. A probability graph model will be used to fuse measurements from different sensors to produce more accurate estimates of the rock mass. A new low-cost seismic source will excite large areas of rock mass for continuous monitoring of the changes in stress and fracture density caused by mining. This will lead to methodologies that will significantly improve mining operations and increase Australia’s productivity in the mining sector. INSTITUTE OF MINE SEISMOLOGY PTY LTD University of Tasmania $270,000 3
Victoria Professor Peter Hodgson This project aims to develop a novel forming technology for the production of metal bipolar plates for fuel cells: micro-roll forming. This poses a number of challenges particularly due to the low material thickness to be formed. These challenges include the development of advanced models that account for size effects in the process and represent the unique deformation conditions and material fracture behaviour. The project plans to produce prototypes and to compare part complexity with that achievable by conventional micro stamping. The intended outcome of the project includes advanced computer models for process design and the new micro-forming technology validated through extensive laboratory and plant trials. FORD MOTOR COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED/FORD MOTOR COMPANY OF AUSTRALIALIMITED; AUSTRALIAN ROLLFORMING MANUFACTURERS PTY LIMITED; THE FORD RESEARCH AND ADVANCED ENGINEERING CENTER Deakin University $210,000 3
Victoria Professor Jeong Whan Yoon This project aims to reduce waste in the production of aluminium cans. Over 200 billion aluminium beverage cans per year are produced worldwide (including 30 billion in Australia), but there is a problematic level of waste due to aluminium sheet forming failure. Current simulation of a multi-stage sheet forming process for rigid-packaging components results in a higher rejection rate due to the inaccuracy of conventional forming and fracture limit models. A novel development in this work is the design of a nonlinear strain path which is intended to maximise the forming limit of aluminium alloys and also estimate the safety margin up to the necking or fracture limit in the early die design stage. ALCOA TECHNICAL CENTRE; KOREA INSTITUTE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY; LIVERMORE SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION ORGANISATION ; ESI KOREA CO LTD Deakin University $301,000 3
Victoria Professor Christine Bigby This project aims to produce and test evidence-based education resources that boost the ability of supporters of people with cognitive disability to put the supported person’s own desires and values at the centre of decisions, as required by treaty obligations and best practice. The project aims to develop innovative education resources, and to then investigate the impact of the resources on the practices of decision-making supporters and the person being supported in a randomised control trial in three jurisdictions. The anticipated outcome is a demonstrably effective capacity-building tool, able to cater for all types of cognitive disabilities and the full spectrum of support contexts from guardianship to informal support. MELBOURNE CITY MISSION/MELBOURNE CITYMISSION INC; VICTORIAN OFFICE OF THE PUBLIC ADVOCATE; INCLUSION MELBOURNE INC.; ENDEAVOUR FOUNDATION; SUMMER FOUNDATION LTD; FACS - ADHC; QUEENSLAND OFFICE OF THE PUBLIC ADVOCATE; OFFICE OF THE PUBLIC GUARDIAN; QUEENSLAND MENTAL HEALTH COMMISSION; THE PUBLIC TRUSTEE OF QUEENSLAND; NSW TRUSTEE AND GUARDIAN; OFFICE OF THE PUBLIC GUARDIAN, QLD La Trobe University $495,700 4
Victoria Professor Lin Crase This project aims to improve understanding of the contribution of urban waterways to enhanced liveability in cities. Australia needs better water resource management and the rapid growth of Australia’s cities places increased importance on managing natural assets in metropolitan areas. The project focuses on clarifying the link between the benefits of waterways and the measurement techniques used by economists, which in turn inform management choices. The project aims to fill an important gap between the psychology and economics disciplines and outputs should significantly improve the way waterways are valued and managed. This is intended to offer benefits for urban residents and to improve the methodologies used for environmental valuation. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND PRIMARY INDUSTRIES/DEPARTMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENT La Trobe University $140,000 2
Victoria Professor Diane Kirkby This project plans to explore what makes it possible for women to exercise leadership. This project is a transnational study of women from Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the Philippines who participated in educational exchange programs with the United States in the mid-20th century. The project asks how these cross-cultural encounters and international networks facilitated and transformed the practices of leadership in the United States, Asia and the Pacific. The project, in partnership with the Australian-American Fulbright Commission, aims to provide a historical perspective on leadership which can inform contemporary debates on the conditions for fostering women as leaders. AUSTRALIAN-AMERICAN FULBRIGHT COMMISSION La Trobe University $224,325 3
Victoria Professor Helen Lee This project aims to understand the socio-economic situation of Pacific Islanders living in regional Victoria, including visitors, permanent residents, seasonal workers and undocumented migrants. The aim is to investigate the impact of these different statuses on access to public services, interactions within and across ethnic groups, and trans-local and transnational practices. Working with partner organisations involved with migrant populations in the area, the project seeks to shed new light on Australian regional migration and bring marginalised regional populations into discussions of migration and transnationalism. Intended outcomes include scholarly publications, policy-focused reports and an open access project website. SUNRAYSIA MALLEE ETHNIC COMMUNITIES COUNCIL INC; MALLEE SPORTS ASSEMBLY INC La Trobe University $181,890 3
Victoria Professor Vaughan Prain This study aims to address the learning and wellbeing needs of over 7000 predominantly low socio-economic status students in regional Australia by researching the conditions that enable refinement and extension of a successful curricular and wellbeing program. The current low educational performance of this student cohort has significant negative effects on individual employment prospects and broader national productivity. Their under-achievement and disengagement from schooling also contribute to many antisocial, harmful short-and long-term outcomes for individuals, with significant health and other costs to the broader community. Outcomes from the project have the potential to improve these current outcomes and to be applicable to similar settings. ANGLICARE AUSTRALIA INC/ANGLICARE AUSTRALIA; DEECD; DEPT OF EDUCATION TASMANIA; BENDIGO SOUTH EAST SECONDARY COLLEGE; CRUSOE 7-10 SECONDARY COLLEGE; WEEROONA COLLEGE BENDIGO; EAGLEHAWK SECONDARY COLLEGE; NORTHERN BAY P-12 COLLEGE/NORTHERN P-12 COLLEGE La Trobe University $424,174 4
Victoria Associate Professor Adam Schembri This project aims to improve our understanding of how to teach sign languages to adults as second and additional languages. Internationally, there is significant demand for sign language classes, but relatively little is known about the processes involved when hearing adults learn a sign language, or the similarities and differences to second language learning of spoken languages. This project aims to develop and test the efficacy of a range of innovative teaching materials and approaches, as well as create the first standardised Australian Sign Language (Auslan) test for adults. It aims to significantly improve the quality of Auslan teaching at the partner institution and provide a model of best practice internationally. NORTHERN MELBOURNE INSTITUTE OF TAFE (NMIT); VICTORIAN DEAF SOCIETY/VICDEAF La Trobe University $196,428 2
Victoria Professor Nick Birbilis This project aims to develop a new family of chrome-free primers to protect galvanised steel against corrosion. Corrosion resistance is a critical factor in durability of galvanised steel, which is usually protected from corrosion by a primer and topcoat, which prolong life and provide aesthetics. The primer coating contains chromates. Chromates are recognised for their toxicity, but in spite of this they unfortunately remain the industry standard. Chromate-free primers are urgently required, and this project aims to conduct fundamental research to enable their development. PPG INDUSTRIES Monash University $210,000 3
Victoria Dr Xiaobo Chen This project aims to develop a functional strontium-release surface on magnesium-based orthopaedic implants to suppress the rapid degradation rate of magnesium, facilitate new bone formation and ultimately shorten the healing process. The development of practical, bone-favourable and degradation-inhibiting surfaces for magnesium implants are in demand and can bring significant patient benefits. The project seeks to establish an understanding of the formation mechanisms of strontium-releasing coatings and determine the critical release rate of strontium to activate bone cell responses. SIGNATURE ORTHOPAEDICS PTY LTD Monash University $285,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Francis Collins This project aims to develop an advanced construction material based on enrichment of concrete with carbon nanotubes (CNT). Concrete, the most consumed construction material globally, is brittle and needs embedded steel reinforcement. Concrete enriched with CNT, one of the strongest known fibres, may partially replace conventional bulky and heavier steel reinforcement thereby creating economies (e.g. thinner section sizes), and reduced carbon dioxide emissions by expending less steel and cement for construction. This project extends earlier research by the research team and aims to transform cement-CNT pastes into construction-scale concrete by resolving uncertainties associated with scaling. EDEN ENERGY LTD Monash University $300,000 3
Victoria Dr Edoardo Daly The aim of this project is to quantify the links between water resources, vegetation health and biodiversity in small native and remnant vegetation reserves embedded in urban environments. The project will examine four reserves within Greater Melbourne hosting native tree species (river red gum), identified as vulnerable or endangered, and experiencing different rainfall regimes as well as water management practices. The specific objectives are to quantify water requirements and carbon balances, and to test a set of measurement methods (in situ and remote sensing) to relate water use with tree growth and biodiversity in urban reserves. Based on these studies, the project aims to develop a model for water balance and vegetation growth to assist in the management of urban reserves and parks. CITY OF GREATER DANDENONG; MOONEE VALLEY CITY COUNCIL Monash University $187,745 3
Victoria Associate Professor Wenhui Duan By incorporating different nano-materials in well cements, this project aims to develop multi-functional cementitious materials with self-sensing properties and greater strength and durability under extreme conditions including high/low temperatures, high pressure and corrosive environments. The integrity and longevity of well cement are paramount for the safe, efficient, environmentally sustainable production of oil and natural gas resources. Cementing problems are the main factor contributing to incidents during drilling and completion of wells, necessitating costly remediation. It is expected that the novel cement developed in the project will produce safer wells with fewer (gas) environmental emission risks. GRAPHITENE LTD Monash University $460,000 3
Victoria Dr Alistair Evans Baleen whales are unlike any other animal. They have evolved unparalleled specialisations for feeding, hearing, smell, cognition and – above all – the largest ever body size. These extreme features underlie the unmatched dominance of baleen whales in today's oceans. The origins of these key adaptations required major changes in the anatomy and function of the skull and teeth. However, exactly how and when the extreme innovations of baleen whales began remains an outstanding question in animal biology. This proposal aims to combine exceptional Australian fossils with recent advances in 3D imaging, biomechanics, and evolutionary analysis to discover how the secrets to the success of baleen whales first evolved. MUSEUM VICTORIA Monash University $421,765 3
Victoria Associate Professor Christopher Hutchinson This project is focused on resolving processing issues to deliver advanced high strength steels. These materials will be invaluable for car manufacturers, who are looking for ways to lighten cars and increase fuel efficiency to comply with legislation on carbon dioxide emissions from automobiles. The use of breakthrough third generation advanced high strength steels may allow a reduction in mass of 10–20 per cent over existing grades. However, these new steels require modifications to their processing compared with existing steel grades and new questions about how the microstructure evolves during processing must be answered before the processes can be optimised and the new steels can go into production. ARCELORMITTAL MAIZIÈRES RESEARCH SA Monash University $196,068 2
Victoria Associate Professor Rimma Lapovok This project seeks to develop new approaches to increase the productivity and competitiveness of the Australian aluminium extrusion industry. The project will use customised simulation software to optimise the design of extrusion dies, thereby substantially reducing the time and cost of developing new extrusion dies. It intends to similarly optimise the processing conditions for high quality extrusion, further contributing to cost reduction. Anticipated project outcomes include fundamental models of material deformation behaviour and damage accumulation that, through computer simulation, will increase die life and reduce scrap. CAPRAL LIMITED/CAPRAL ALUMINIUM LIMITED Monash University $164,000 3
Victoria Professor Philip Marriott This project aims to use novel chemical separation methods combined with spectroscopy to identify useful markers in olive oil and essential oil to ensure purity, quality and authenticity, which are all ongoing issues in these industries in Australia and overseas. The project plans to compare and integrate results of multidimensional gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry and Fourier transform infrared analyses with data libraries to generate precise molecular identification. The outcome is expected to help monitor adulteration of oils and maintain the high quality standards of Australian produce. PERKINELMER PTY LTD; ATTIA LTD Monash University $213,000 3
Victoria Dr Joslin Moore This project will exploit recent advances in ecological and atmospheric modelling with the aim to build improved models of seed dispersal across landscapes to anticipate weed spread. Damaging invasive plants are rapidly transforming landscapes and altering ecosystem function worldwide. The speed and direction of weed spread determines the success or failure of costly containment and control actions, however we lack the ability to adequately predict spread. New models that combine micrometeorological measurements, within-canopy turbulence and topographic variation in wind flows will be designed to better predict where dispersal will occur. In this project, these improved predictions are planned to be combined with decision models to direct the management of invasive species across entire landscapes. PARKS VICTORIA; DEPI; GOULBURN BROKEN CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY; WEST GIPPSLAND CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY; EAST GIPPSLAND CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY; AGL ENERGY LIMITED; MOUNT HOTHAM ALPINE RESORT MANAGEMENT BOARD/MT HOTHAM ALPINE RESORT MANAGEMENT; FALLS CREEK ALPINE RESORT MANAGEMENT BOARD/FALLS CREEK RESORT MANAGEMENT Monash University $328,000 3
Victoria Professor Raymond Norton Australian sea anemones are a highly promising and largely unexplored source of peptides and proteins with potential therapeutic and diagnostic applications. This project aims to evaluate this potential by undertaking transcriptomic analyses of a number species of anemones from Australian waters and identifying peptides and proteins in their venoms by mass spectrometry. It will also demonstrate the value of transcriptomics in informing taxonomic classification of anemones. In addition this project will assess toxin diversity within and between species based on nematocyst function from specific tissue sources and provide a clearer understanding of the evolution of venoms in Australian Actiniaria. MUSEUM VICTORIA; QUEENSLAND MUSEUM Monash University $174,000 3
Victoria Dr Yansong Shen This project aims to optimise blast furnace operations and to assess the performance of Australian brown coals in ironmaking. Pulverised coal injection is a cost-effective technology in blast furnace ironmaking, particularly if low-grade coal is used. This project aims to develop control strategies for stable and low-cost operation and to assess and optimise the combustion of brown coal and its blends in this process. The project aims will be achieved via multiscale modelling and simulation, supported by laboratory and plant experiments. The outcomes of the project are intended to open a new market for brown coal. BAOSTEEL COMPANY; COAL ENERGY AUSTRALIA LIMITED Monash University $550,000 3
Victoria Professor Mark Stevenson This project aims to examine the extent to which direct-feedback and incentive-based insurance modify a drivers’ behaviour. The project plans to apply in-vehicle telematics and to link information obtained from the technology directly to personalised safety messaging. The project then plans to assess the impact of this by calculating individual personal injury and the potential reduction to property damage insurance premiums. The study has the potential to profoundly influence not only the insurance industry by reducing individual risk and insurance scheme liability, but also deliver reductions in road trauma among the target population namely, young drivers. INSURANCE BOX PTY LTD; TRANSPORT ACCIDENT COMMISSION Monash University $530,000 4
Victoria Professor Kiyonori Suzuki The aim of this project is to prepare iron-based magnetic nanostructures that exhibit a magnetic induction of 1.9 tesla and core losses lower than those of iron-silicon steels, which would deliver smaller and efficient magnetic cores for petrol-electric hybrid cars. Preliminary results from the research team show that iron-metalloid alloys with an iron content of 87 per cent meet this magnetic induction with room for further improvement of magnetic softness. The project aims to systematically investigate the effect of metalloid and micro-alloying elements on the nano-crystallisation behaviour of the precursor amorphous alloys in order to identify the alloy composition and processing conditions for preparing magnetically soft nanostructures. TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION (JAPAN) Monash University $200,000 3
Victoria Dr Andrew Tomkins This interdisciplinary project links geochemistry with crustal-scale fluid migration, aiming to improve mineral exploration success for orogenic gold deposits. In doing so, it intends to provide a more holistic view of gold deposit genesis. This project plans to focus on the Victorian goldfields, which have world-class historic gold production, an existing seismic transect, and a geologic setting that will address key problems in gold deposit genesis. A series of modelling techniques will be used to marry structural and geochemical aspects of gold deposit formation at a scale that has not been previously attempted. CROCODILE GOLD CORP.; GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF VICTORIA; INTREPID GEOPHYSICS Monash University $229,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Antonio Verdejo-Garcia The project aims to develop a new model of cognitive impulsivity and produce an online tool to measure it. Impulsivity is defined as the skill/s that exert control over impulsive behaviours. It is a trait of human cognition that affects health and productivity and that varies normatively across the healthy population. However, coherent models of cognitive impulsivity and comprehensive measures of the construct are lacking. The project aims to unravel and measure the cognitive skills that can produce (or avoid) impulsive behaviour. EASTERN HEALTH Monash University $197,662 3
Victoria Professor Ingrid Zukerman This project addresses concerns regarding the wellbeing of seniors living at home by modelling their daily routines to detect significant changes due to functional decline or the onset of illness. These models are planned to be integrated into a personalised in-home monitoring system that also detects instantaneous adverse events, such as falls. This system will include a novel inexpensive sensor bundle comprising unintrusive sensors and decision procedures that determine whether and how to communicate with seniors and carers to deliver information and alerts. The effectiveness and acceptance of these technologies will be evaluated on a diverse population of seniors and carers. CATHOLIC HOMES INCORPORATED; VASEY RSL CARE LIMITED; THE TRUSTEE FOR SEMANTRIX UNIT TRUST/SEMANTRIX PTY LTD Monash University $258,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Jane Burry The project seeks to generate new knowledge about the safe capture, management and application of big data in sustainable city design. In particular, it aims to investigate the use of micro air vehicles (drones) equipped with diverse lightweight sensing equipment to gather data including atmospheric measurements and building temperatures and reflectivity. This is designed to meet the need for more site-specific and vertical environmental information to inform the design of sustainable architecture. The project also aims to research a cloud-based computing framework that will be able to handle very large volumes of data collected over extended time periods and locations. The data would then be used to develop visualisations and design models to inform architecture, landscape and urban design. FOSTER + PARTNERS; UAV AUSTRALIA RMIT University $223,436 3
Victoria Dr Lawrence Cavedon This project plans to develop a new evaluation framework to understand and characterise web users and their situation within complex, multi-faceted search tasks, exemplified through job-search. While evaluation of web search engine effectiveness is relatively well understood, measuring information retrieval performance in the context of complex tasks with heterogeneous users is a largely neglected problem. This project plans to mine user-specific characteristics and situations from complex profiles and interaction logs for online information services run by the industry partner, SEEK. The new techniques are intended to redefine understanding of task-oriented search, and have the potential to reinvent the user experience for complex search tasks. This project will transform how practical search systems are measured within complex task scenarios. This will result in substantial economic impact by enabling businesses providing task-based search services to provide more customized offerings. Within the target domain (job search), this greatly enhances a service highly relevant to Australia's productivity. SEEK LIMITED RMIT University $394,000 3
Victoria Dr Sherman Cheung This project aims to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of fast-propagating fires and to address the deficiency in current fire models in assessing the fire safety requirement of green buildings. Although there are many compelling advantages associated with green building designs, because they promote better natural ventilation they could pose a significant fire hazard to occupants due to the propensity of rapid fire and smoke spread within the enclosed space. The new predictive fire model in this project is expected to promote a safer and sustainable building environment. DYNAMICS ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD; FIRE AND RESCUE NSW RMIT University $152,436 3
Victoria Professor Ralph Horne The project plans to improve housing outcomes by evaluating housing design in the rapidly growing infill multi-residential sector, which often experiences design quality problems. Set across four global cities, the project aims to use a unique combination of design and social science methods to analyse good design and how this is produced and experienced. It is expected that this will deliver greater definition of and evidence for ‘good’ design as experienced through the real lives of Australian households. Outcomes should include robust design evaluation methods and transition strategies for cities, allowing city decision-makers to improve housing design for many people in Australian cities. MELBOURNE CITY COUNCIL ( CITY OF MELBOURNE )/CITY OF MELBOURNE; MIRVAC LIMITED/MIRVAC GROUP; THE TRUSTEE FOR SJB URBAN UNIT TRUST/SJB URBAN UNIT TRUST; DEPARTMENT OF PREMIER AND CABINET RMIT University $466,328 3
Victoria Professor Chun-Qing Li This project aims to develop a technique to accurately predict the remaining safe life of deteriorated buried stormwater pipelines, thereby preventing their catastrophic failure. The research also aims to advance knowledge in deterioration science of reinforced concrete and failure theory of buried pipes. The outcomes are anticipated to be a suite of rational, practical and validated models for pipe deterioration as measured by crack growth and residual strength which are integrated in a time-dependent reliability method and coded as a computer program ready for take-up by end-users. Preventing catastrophic failures of buried pipes should deliver economic, environmental and social benefits. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; CITY OF PORT PHILLIP; CITY OF GREATER DANDENONG RMIT University $290,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Wayne Rowe This project aims to accurately localise passenger wireless devices, in particular the key fob, to improve theft security, passenger safety and user functionality. The objective of the project is to develop a communications band localisation system in a vehicular environment with 10-centimetre accuracy, both inside the vehicle cabin and near to the exterior of the vehicle. Accurate localisation of passenger wireless devices poses a challenging research problem because of the severe multipath environment. An innovative solution based on time-difference-of-arrival methodologies, data fusion, sophisticated recursive filtering techniques and illumination scheduling will be investigated. The outcome is potentially applicable to other localisation scenarios degraded by multipath. ROBERT BOSCH (AUSTRALIA) PROPRIETARY LIMITED/ROBERT BOSCH (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD RMIT University $280,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Arul Arulrajah This project will investigate the sustainable use of industrial wastes in ground improvement works using deep soil mixing. Currently, ground improvement projects use large amounts of highly carbon intensive materials. This project aims to develop low carbon alternatives by using geopolymers, which are a mixture of industrial waste by-products such as fly ash and slag with alkali activators. This project will explore the consolidation effects and stress–strain responses of soft soil improved with geopolymers under static and dynamic loading. The main expected outcome of the project is an innovative ground improvement technique using geopolymers as an alternative green binder. GEOTESTA PTY LTD/GEOTESTA; DST CONSULTING ENGINEERS INC; GEOFRONTIERS GROUP PTY LTD Swinburne University of Technology $275,000 3
Victoria Professor Emad Gad This project aims to examine the performance of anchors in a range of cements, to contribute to new safety and building guidelines. Demands for faster construction cycles and increased productivity require anchors for lifting and joining concrete elements to be installed and loaded in early age concrete. Yet, best practice for evaluation of anchors is based on mature concrete. There is also increasing use of supplementary cementitious materials with unknown effects on anchors. This project aims to address this construction industry challenge. The project plans to study experimentally and analytically the effect of early age creep on anchor installation and the factors affecting the slip behaviour and ultimate performance of cast-in and post-installed mechanical anchors in concretes. It is intended that these studies will then inform new design guidelines. ANCON BUILDING PRODUCTS PTY LTD/ANCON CCL PTY LIMITED; HILTI (AUST.) PTY. LTD./HILTI AUST PTY LTD; WURTH AUSTRALIA PTY LTD; HOBSON ENGINEERING CO PTY LTD; THE TRUSTEE FOR THE RAWLPLUG UNIT TRUST/POWERS FASTENERS AUSTRALASIA PTY LTD ATF RAWLPLUG UNIT TRUST; ITW CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS; SIMPSON STRONG-TIE AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED/QUIK DRIVE; ALLTHREAD INDUSTRIES PTY LIMITED Swinburne University of Technology $410,000 3
Victoria Professor Jun Han This project aims to improve quality assurance for enterprise IT. Enterprise IT systems are highly interconnected and interdependent — a failure in one system can cause a cascade of failures across multiple systems, bringing business to a standstill. The project aims to create new technologies to automate the provisioning of virtual deployment environments to test the enterprise systems. In particular, it aims to develop new methods for the automatic analysis of service interaction traces and the generation of accurate executable service models, without requiring explicit knowledge of them. The automatic analysis and generation should reduce development cost for enterprise IT systems and increase system quality and reliability. The new software deployment technologies from this project aim to significantly reduce the time, effort and cost of system quality assurance activities in software development organisations, and yet produce higher-quality software leading to uninterrupted business operation in end-user organisations across all sectors. CA (PACIFIC) PTY LTD/CA (PACIFIC) PTY LIMITED Swinburne University of Technology $473,000 3
Victoria Professor Ryszard Kowalczyk This project aims to create a consumer-centric brokerage solution for managing cloud service provision. This aims to ensure consumers can receive cloud services that best satisfy their quality requirements in the most cost-effective manner in the presence of constant changes in performance and cost of cloud services available from different cloud providers. The intended outcome is a novel cloud brokerage framework and the associated mechanisms for proactive identification, prevention and mediation of cloud service-level agreement violation in the best interest of the cloud users. The findings of the project will support enterprises across Australian economy in shifting from traditional IT systems to the ubiquitous cloud computing that has already been recognised as a core enabling IT technology in addressing the societal challenge of lifting productivity and economic growth in a rapidly changing world economy. AARNET PTY LTD Swinburne University of Technology $230,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Ellie Rennie The project aims to understand the effectiveness of digital inclusion interventions in schools. Digital inclusion is the ability to use and benefit from information and communication technologies. The project intends to conduct a large-scale study of the distribution and adaptation of digital practices across Indigenous and non-Indigenous low socio-economic schools. Drawing on a unique dataset and new theoretical insights into the success and failure of knowledge practices in schools, the project aims to then model user and network activity. The project intends to identify the key factors shaping digital inclusion and exclusion in schools, and to develop scenarios to inform future policy. ONE LAPTOP PER CHILD AUSTRALIA LTD Swinburne University of Technology $130,000 2
Victoria Professor Dr Elisabetta Barberio This project aims to develop an underground integrated laboratory at Stawell Gold Mine in Victoria to host the Southern Hemisphere's first-ever direct-detection dark matter experiment. Following the Higgs boson discovery, the direct detection of dark matter is seen as the next major challenge for particle physics. This project sees Australian physicists team up with local and international partners in research and industry to join the search for dark matter. This Australian experiment aims to help to confirm or deny current results from Northern Hemisphere experiments. As the mine nears the end of its working life as a gold mine, this project is expected to benefit the local economy and provide opportunities for education and outreach. STAWELL GOLD MINES PTY. LTD.; ANSTO; NORTHERN GRAMPIANS SHIRE COUNCIL; NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR PHYSICS The University of Melbourne $1,188,085 5
Victoria Associate Professor Peter Barlis This project aims to optimise the hemodynamics (blood flow) in coronary arteries with high curvatures and bifurcations. Experience has shown that the build-up of plaque — and the resulting occlusion of blood flow — tends to occur in these complex arterial regions. The most common therapeutic strategy is the insertion of a stent to prop open the artery. However, the nature of the geometry often leads to post-stenting complications such as restenosis and thrombosis, ultimately resulting in negative outcomes. In this project, advanced research methods from fluid dynamics and optimisation and control will be used to potentially minimise these highly undesirable effects. BIOTRONIK AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED The University of Melbourne $471,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor James Brock This project aims to develop a novel electrode as an integral component of a new treatment for severe stress urinary incontinence. Treatments for severe stress urinary incontinence are associated with complications and are not completely effective. The new electrode is designed to be activated by an implanted stimulator to control an innervated smooth muscle graft (the neosphincter) to regulate the flow of urine from the bladder. Project research into the design of the electrode will focus on providing safe, effective and efficient stimulation of the neosphincter, while ensuring minimal damage to the surrounding tissues and affording straightforward implantation at surgery. NEOSPHINCTER TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $272,761 3
Victoria Associate Professor Adam Bryant This project aims to determine whether athletic footwear with appropriate design features can help improve neuromuscular control and, in doing so, reduce the potentially deleterious forces on the knee and lower limb structures of pubertal girls. As girls reach puberty, they become less able to control the movement patterns of their lower limbs, particularly in high-demand tasks like running and jumping. Better-designed footwear for pubertal girls may improve movement patterns, decrease the likelihood of musculoskeletal injury and improve physical activity participation rates. Project outcomes may lead to the development of such footwear, and are also anticipated to expand our understanding of female developmental biomechanics. ASICS OCEANIA PTY LTD/ASICS OCEANIA The University of Melbourne $168,204 2
Victoria Professor Kate Darian-Smith This project seeks to document the evolving history of popular television and its contribution to national discussions about migration, cultural diversity and citizenship. The project will endeavour to examine selected television programs that depict the contemporary nation and their representations of cultural diversity across six decades. The project intends to take a cross-disciplinary approach that will combine the critical examination of production processes and program content with the personal perspectives of inter-generational migrant communities, youth and key industry figures. In association with Museum Victoria and the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, outcomes are expected to include scholarly publications, exhibitions and public programs. MUSEUM VICTORIA; AUSTRALIAN CENTRE FOR THE MOVING IMAGE The University of Melbourne $222,470 3
Victoria Dr Paul Donnelly This project aims to develop fundamental synthetic coordination chemistry directed toward the development of new agents for imaging brain perfusion using positron emission tomography. The research will focus on developing new coordination complexes containing positron-emitting isotopes of copper, gallium and fluorine. The goal is incorporate in these radionuclides into small molecules that can be used for the molecular imaging of the brain. This chemistry will have the potential to replace existing technologies that rely on single-photon emission from technetium and the technique of single photon emission computed tomography. CLARITY PHARMACEUTICALS PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $365,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Erica Fletcher This project aims to detail the precise effects that lasers have on eye cells, cell populations and the body as a whole. Laser treatments for sight problems are increasing but the effects of these laser applications on the unique immune systems of the eye and brain are unknown. Previous work of the researchers has shown that a novel nanosecond laser when targeted to the eye can alter cells in the lasered eye and in the unlasered eye and the brain. This knowledge may be crucial for enhancing our understanding of the immune privileged state of the eye. In addition, it seeks to guide the development of future low energy lasers as important successful treatments. ELLEX MEDICAL PTY LTD/ELLEX LASER SYSTEMS The University of Melbourne $351,953 3
Victoria Professor Ary Hoffmann This project aims to provide rapid diagnostic detection of environmental change in aquatic ecosystems at reduced cost. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) can transform monitoring of aquatic ecosystems by identifying many species in multiple biological samples. This project aims to use NGS technology to identify macroinvertebrate species as biological indicators in urban freshwater ecosystems to provide more rapid, sensitive and cost-effective monitoring compared to traditional methods. The project uses DNA barcodes that identify species to detect species in samples processed with NGS. The project also plans to use previously collected samples to explore species diversity and detect indicator species. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER The University of Melbourne $211,242 3
Victoria Dr Wesley Imms This project aims to bridge a gap between the educational potential of innovative learning environment designs, and their actual performance. Currently, multi-modal technology-enabled spaces are not producing demonstrable benefits for students. Many teachers resist altering their mindset about how students learn effectively in these spaces and thus how teachers should teach differently. The project aims to work with schools, government and industry to analyse the relationships between quality teaching and effective use of innovative learning environments. The new understanding gained through the project is expected to guide developments in pedagogy, policy and design and to produce strategies to improve learning in schools across Australia and New Zealand. CORPORATION OF THE SYNOD OF DIOCESE OF BRISBANE/ANGLICAN CHURCH GRAMMAR SCHOOL; WOODLEIGH SCHOOL; AUSTRALIAN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS SCHOOL; CATHOLIC EDUCATION OFFICE DIOCESE OF PARRAMATTA/THE PARRAMATTA DIOCESE CATHOLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM; DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT/DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION & TRAINING; ACT EDUCATION & TRAINING DIRECTORATE DEPARTMENTAL/ACT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION & TRAINING; DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND COMMUNITIES; MINISTRY OF EDUCATION; ECOPHON; HAYBALL PTY LTD; MARSHALL DAY UNIT TRUST/MARSHALL DAY ACOUSTICS PTY LTD; C.E.F.P.I. AUSTRALASIA LIMITED/C.E.F.P.I. LIMITED; MUSEUM OF APPLIED ARTS AND SCIENCES; TELSTRA CORPORATION LIMITED/TELSTRA The University of Melbourne $930,000 4
Victoria Professor David Karoly This interdisciplinary project plans to assemble a world-class team of hydrologists, climate scientists and water managers to investigate the history and future risk of decadal to multidecadal droughts (megadroughts). Despite Australia’s vulnerability to water scarcity, the likelihood of persistent megadroughts has not been assessed in Australia. This has resulted in inadequate capacity to prepare for and adapt to megadrought under future climate change. For the first time, palaeoclimate reconstructions and climate change projections will be used to constrain future hydroclimatic variability, advancing the decision-making capacity of Australian water resource managers. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND PRIMARY INDUSTRIES/DEPARTMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENT; BUREAU OF METEOROLOGY The University of Melbourne $387,041 3
Victoria Professor Anne Kavanagh This project aims to provide evidence about how to improve employment outcomes for people with disability. Nearly one in five adult Australians have a disability and just over half of these are in the labour force; a modest increase in employment rates will have significant social and economic benefits for people with disability and society. By collecting longitudinal quantitative (survey) and qualitative (interview) data at three time points from over 1500 jobseekers with disability, critical information should be gained about how the characteristics of employment services, workplaces and jobseekers contribute to sustainable, meaningful employment for people with disability. NATIONAL DISABILITY SERVICES LIMITED/NATIONAL DISABILITY SERVICES; DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT AUSTRALIA; JOBS AUSTRALIA LIMITED; OSTARA AUSTRALIA LIMITED/OSTARA AUSTRALIA; WORKPOWER INC/WORKPOWER INCORPORATED; WISE EMPLOYMENT LTD; THE PERSONNEL GROUP LTD; MATCHWORKS; STEPS DISABILITY QLD INC/STEPS SUPPORT; HEIDELBERG TRAINING & RESOURCE CENTRE INC/E-FOCUS; PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS; NOVA EMPLOYMENT & TRAINING PROGRAM INC/NOVA TRAINING; AUSTRALIAN FEDERATION OF DISABILITY ORGANISATIONS (AFDO) LTD/A F D O LTD The University of Melbourne $677,681 3
Victoria Dr Luke Kelly This project aims to develop a framework for predicting the impact of future fire regimes on the distribution and abundance of plant and animal species. Inappropriate fire regimes are one of the most significant threats to biodiversity in Australia. There is an urgent need to better understand how species respond to fire and to develop effective fire management strategies that achieve conservation goals. This project intends to integrate ecological models, fire behaviour simulation and formal decision-making approaches to evaluate alternative fire scenarios in real landscapes. The major output is anticipated to be linked ecological models and decision tools that help managers to better protect biodiversity in flammable landscapes. DEPI The University of Melbourne $318,000 3
Victoria Professor Christopher Leckie The focus of this project is to develop modelling techniques for energy consumption in next-generation telecommunication networks. A growing problem for telecommunication providers is how to minimise the energy consumption of their networks. This is important in reducing their operational expenditure and meeting the energy demands of future growth in network traffic. There is an emerging trend towards next-generation networks (such as 5G wireless and network function virtualisation), which will use highly dynamic network architectures. Project outcomes are intended to enable real-time management of energy usage, and the assessment of the financial benefits of different investment strategies in network infrastructure. ALCATEL-LUCENT AUSTRALIA LIMITED/ALCATEL AUSTRALIA LTD The University of Melbourne $240,000 2
Victoria Professor Jennifer Lewis This project aims to model and explain the governance dynamics of welfare to work in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Australia regularly undertakes major governance reforms in providing welfare to the unemployed and other groups in need. In this dynamic environment, welfare agencies are struggling to deliver benefits to the most disadvantaged people. Services must balance the need to meet central performance requirements against the desire to help clients. The project aims to create a new framework for understanding how policy instruments and design experiments can improve services for those who are in need. NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT SERVICES ASSOCIATION LIMITED; JOBS AUSTRALIA LIMITED; WESTGATE COMMUNITY INITIATIVES GROUP INCORPORATED/WCIG The University of Melbourne $182,377 3
Victoria Associate Professor Katrina McFerran This project aims to provide school leaders and policymakers with new tools and information to guide the allocation of scarce resources to arts programs in primary schools. Schools with low socio-economic status both desire and deserve the opportunity to maximise the many educational and social benefits that flow from participation in arts programs. The project aims to generate new understanding of these benefits by drawing together practical and theoretical expertise about the arts and positive engagement in schools. The outcomes should provide key stakeholders with novel solutions for making critical decisions about when and how to most effectively use tailored arts programs to build resilience in school communities. CATHOLIC EDUCATION OFFICE; THE SONG ROOM INC/THE SONG ROOM The University of Melbourne $414,459 3
Victoria Dr Brett Murphy This project aims to evaluate the hypothesis that arboreal species are limited by the abundance of tree hollows, and that historical increases in the frequency of intense fires may be reducing hollow abundance. Northern Australia’s mammals are in severe decline, and arboreal species are among those that have fared worst. There is abundant anecdotal evidence that a decline in hollow abundance is the cause. Working with the Western Australian Department of Parks and Wildlife in the Kimberley, the last region on the Australian mainland with an intact mammal fauna, the project aims to explore management options for increasing the availability of hollow denning sites for arboreal mammals (e.g. fire management, artificial nest boxes), and evaluate the likely impact of such actions on mammal populations across northern Australia. DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION The University of Melbourne $327,094 4
Victoria Professor Angela Ndalianis Since their emergence in 1938 comic book heroes have become imbedded in our popular culture, becoming part of our modern mythology. In each form and every generation these characters serve as cultural signposts, articulating our loftiest ideals and deep-seated anxieties. The project aims to explore the historic, creative and artistic development of the genre across multiple media and its political and social significance. The genre has been enormously successful in film, with the top 100 films accounting for approximately $13 billion in profit for the companies that produced them. The project will explore how the successful transmedia crossover further offers insight into the strategies that drive creative industries such as film, television, video games and comics. The project will work with the Australian Centre for the Moving Image to develop a Melbourne Winter Masterpiece exhibition and a series of research projects, public events and an international conference to engage both the general public and academics. AUSTRALIAN CENTRE FOR THE MOVING IMAGE The University of Melbourne $287,979 3
Victoria Dr Tuan Ngo This project intends to explore the possibilities of extending the latest developments in auxetic technologies to the protective design of engineering structures. Auxetic materials become thicker perpendicular to the applied force when stretched. Specifically, the project plans to develop a novel auxetic composite system with a focus on protecting civil and defence infrastructure from extreme loads. It is expected that the system’s superior energy dissipating capability will broaden its application beyond civil infrastructure, such as armoured vehicles, protective sports gear and body armour. The project also plans to develop a multiscale numerical modelling and topological optimisation framework to accelerate the adoption of this advanced composite system. THALES AUSTRALIA LIMITED/THALES AUSTRALIA; PPG INDUSTRIES; 3D SYSTEMS ASIA-PACIFIC PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $387,500 3
Victoria Professor Steven Prawer This project aims to enable direct wireless transmission of brain signals leading to reliable thought control of computers, wheelchairs, exoskeletons and vehicles. Such technology is currently limited by the fidelity, reliability, safety and longevity of the electrodes used to record signals from the brain. Partner organisation, SmartStent, has developed a novel stent-based electrode array which allows the extraction of high fidelity neural information without risky brain surgery and implant rejection. The project aims to combine SmartStent's stent-electrode technology with the diamond materials technology developed by the research team for hermetic encapsulation of electronics. SMARTSTENT PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $550,000 4
Victoria Professor Greg Qiao In collaboration with Seagull Technologies, this project aims to engineer, study and mathematically model ultrasound-assisted biomacromolecule transport behaviour within polymeric gel systems, which may be useful in new drug delivery methods. The intended outcome is a novel set of polymeric gel systems, which can reversibly bind a wide variety of drugs (small molecules, nucleic acid based drugs, proteins), in which drug release is triggered by an electric potential and drug transport is controlled by means of sonophoresis. The main advantage of drug delivery via sonophoresis is elimination of risks associated with injections such as infection and damage to local tissue, and elimination of patient discomfort, pain and fear. SEAGULL TECHNOLOGY PTY LTD/SEAGULL TECHNOLOGIES The University of Melbourne $314,954 3
Victoria Dr Julia Sarant This project aims to investigate the impact of cochlear implants on cognitive function in elderly people with deafness. Deafness has been found to be independently associated with a 30–40 per cent accelerated rate of cognitive decline in elderly adults. There is currently no effective treatment for cognitive decline. The intended outcomes of this observational study will help us to understand the biological process of cognitive decline, whether hearing loss is causal, and whether the process can be altered. These findings should be applicable to all individuals with hearing loss. If cochlear implants delay cognitive decline, this would significantly affect policy, quality of life for the elderly, and the cost to society. COCHLEAR LIMITED; ROYAL VICTORIAN EYE & EAR HOSPITAL/THE ROYAL VICTORIAN EYE AND EAR HOSPITAL The University of Melbourne $426,179 5
Victoria Professor Robert Scholten This project aims to develop and commercialise optical cavity and frequency stabilisation technology to generate laser light at new and precise wavelengths. Australia plays a leading role internationally in quantum science, a burgeoning area of research where fundamental quantum mechanical principles underpin exciting new technological applications, such as ion-based quantum computing, ultracold atom sensing for geo-exploration and defence, and nanoscale imaging inside living human cells. This project aims to continue and develop this role. MOG LABORATORIES PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $350,000 3
Victoria Dr Gary Sheridan This project involves Melbourne Water, the Department of Environment and Primary Industries, and East Gippsland Water in developing tools to evaluate mitigation options that will protect our water supplies and increase the resilience of Australian communities to bushfire. Major bushfires in south-east Australia in 2003, 2007, 2009 and 2013 were followed by storms that triggered extreme soil erosion events in catchments, contaminating water supplies and damaging critical infrastructure. The capacity to mitigate the risk of interruption to the water supplies of our cities and towns in a more fire-prone future is currently limited by our knowledge of where, why, and how often these post-fire contamination events will occur. This project aims to address these knowledge gaps. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND PRIMARY INDUSTRIES/DEPARTMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENT; EAST GIPPSLAND REGION WATER CORPORATION/EAST GIPPSLAND WATER The University of Melbourne $310,000 3
Victoria Professor William Shieh This project aims to provide enabling technologies to manufacture high-performance and cost-effective fibre optic distributed sensing systems. Coherent optical time domain reflectometry based on Rayleigh scattering in optical fibre has been explored for distributed vibration, strain and temperature sensing. However, its susceptibility to laser phase noise, amplitude and polarisation fading hinders its widespread application. This project aims to apply the technologies developed in coherent optical communication to fibre optic distributed sensing. The research is planned to include design, simulation, and experimental verification of the proposed sensing system. HAWK MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS PTY. LTD./HAWK MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS The University of Melbourne $275,000 3
Victoria Dr Margaret Simons This project aims to by explore the link between the internal operations of news media organisations, news media outputs and their impact on community attitudes to violence against women. Current literature indicates that the paucity and tone of news reporting of violence against women perpetuates harmful attitudes towards women. International and Australian research has consistently identified community attitudes as a key causal factor in violence against women. However, there is a lack of research into the impact of newsroom operations, including gender politics, on news media outputs, and the impact of those outputs on community attitudes. The proposed research and intervention project seek to address this shortfall. VICTORIAN HEALTH PROMOTION FOUNDATION/VICHEALTH; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE RESOURCE CENTRE (VICTORIA); VICTORIAN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION The University of Melbourne $106,000 2
Victoria Professor Mark Stevenson This project intends to identify factors that make a pig enterprise more likely to use high levels of antibiotics and develop alternative, vaccination-based methods for disease control. The development of multi-drug resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens (e.g. Salmonella and Campylobacter spp.) in pigs has raised concerns that antimicrobial resistance can be transferred from livestock to humans. Although the epidemiology to support a claim that there is a causal association between antimicrobial use in food animals and public health is complex there is universal agreement that use of antimicrobials in food animal production should be minimised. This project intends to deliver outcomes that will reduce antibiotic use on commercial pig farms. DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND PRIMARY INDUSTRIES/DEPARTMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY AND ENVIRONMENT The University of Melbourne $191,400 3
Victoria Associate Professor Andrew Turpin This project seeks to develop a new, combined approach for quantifying both central and peripheral vision with a single test. Current methods for testing far peripheral vision are not efficient and not fully automated. Yet peripheral vision is important for tasks involving navigation and hazard avoidance such as driving. The project intends to invent and test new approaches to sampling and measuring the spatial extent of vision. The anticipated algorithms will be more accurate and efficient than current tests, will be suitable for older adults, and will enable ready assessment of vision for occupational tasks. HAAG-STREIT AG The University of Melbourne $234,260 3
Victoria Associate Professor Christopher Walsh This project aims to determine the efficacy of different approaches for restoring wetland forests at the landscape scale. The death and decline of Victoria’s wetland forests, crucial habitat for the endangered helmeted honeyeater and Leadbeater's possum, most likely result from modified flooding patterns, low native tree and shrub recruitment and increased competition from understorey plants. The project intends to reinstate a more natural flood regime, planting native species and reducing competition from dense understorey vegetation. In this way, the project aims to test and advance ecological theory, guide wetland restoration and inform management plans for saving Victoria’s iconic fauna. MELBOURNE WATER CORPORATION/MELBOURNE WATER; PARKS VICTORIA; GREENING AUSTRALIA (VIC) LTD/GREENING AUSTRALIA VICTORIA; ZOOS VICTORIA The University of Melbourne $335,000 3
Victoria Professor Ian Woodrow The project aims to develop the tools and knowledge required for establishing and enhancing the profitability of plantations of blue mallee (Eucalyptus polybractea). This is important because mallees have considerable potential for sustainable essential oil and biomass production in low rainfall regions, and they can sequester considerable amounts of carbon in their below-ground parts. The project intends to produce trees with improved oil quality and yields through chromosome doubling and breeding, and to dissect the mechanisms that underpin essential oil production through the production of mutants and studies of the main monoterpene producing enzyme. FELTON GRIMWADE & BOSISTO'S PTY LTD The University of Melbourne $395,000 3
Victoria Associate Professor Audrey Yue This project aims to improve the social cohesion of Australian society and the living standards of a significant group of our young people. Around 25 per cent of all Australians aged 12 to 24 are from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. In collaboration with nine Australian organisations, the project aims to critically define the status of CALD youth; develop the first national status reporting framework for the group that will generate new social, economic and cultural indicators; and build a knowledge hub to store and curate CALD youth data. Data and understanding from this project is intended to enable governments to meet the group’s specific needs and enhance their opportunities. CENTRE FOR MULTICULTURAL YOUTH; DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT/DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION; ACCESS COMMUNITY SERVICES LIMITED; MULTICULTURAL YOUTH AFFAIRS NETWORK OF NSW; MIGRANT RESOURCE CENTRE ( SOUTHERN TAS) INC; YOUTH COALITION OF THE ACT; MULTICULTURAL YOUTH SOUTH AUSTRALIA INCORPORATED; YOUTH AFFAIRS COUNCIL OF WA INC/YOUTH AFFAIRS COUNCIL OF WA; OFFICE OF MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS AND CITIZENSHIP The University of Melbourne $287,873 3
Victoria Professor Stephen Lamb The project is intended to expand the International Study of City Youth (ISCY), an Australian-led international longitudinal study, which tracks students in 12 cities through their final years of school and post-school transitions. The project plans to re-contact a larger sample of students than in the original ISCY study design, to increase the study’s scope and impact. Through partnership with the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority, it also aims to analyse achievement data for participating students and test students’ cognitive and non-cognitive skills at the point of leaving school. This is intended to address the demand from Australian education policy-makers and providers for better measures of system performance at senior secondary level. VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY Victoria University $214,000 4
Victoria Professor Yanchun Zhang This project aims to improve access to electronic health data (EHD) while still ensuring patient privacy. EHD can provide important information for medical research and health-care resource allocations. However, data sharing in electronic health environments is challenging because of the privacy concerns of customers. Large-scale unauthorised access from internal staff has been reported in Medicare. This project aims to develop new privacy-preserving algorithms on EHD database federations, which can provide efficient data access yet block inside attacks. It will significantly improve the data available for medical research, while reducing the cost of EHD system management and providing visualised decision supports to medical staff and the government health resource planners. NEXUS ONLINE PTY LTD Victoria University $295,467 3
Western Australia Professor Craig Buckley The aim of this project is to develop a laboratory-based prototype for energy storage in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems using metal hydrides as a chemical energy storage medium. The successful development of cost-effective energy storage technologies is expected to dramatically increase the deployability of CSP systems and this, in turn, will greatly enhance our capacity to reduce reliance on fossil fuels. The outcomes of the project are planned to be used towards the development of a commercially viable solar thermal energy storage system. The project also plans to conduct fundamental research into the development of new high-temperature metal hydrides suitable for energy storage in CSP systems. AUSNATIONAL INVESTMENTS PTY LTD Curtin University of Technology $570,000 3
Western Australia Dr Wensu Chen This project plans to investigate the dynamic response of basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) reinforced structures against blast loading. Critical infrastructures such as embassy buildings, high-rise building, bridges and defence facilities are intensively targeted by increasing terrorist activities or accidental explosions. BFRP is a promising material for such structures because it is cheaper than carbon fibre and has better physico-mechanical properties than glass fibre. However, there has been very limited study of the effectiveness of BFRP strengthening on structure blast-loading resistant capacities. This project aims to perform numerical and experimental studies to support the development of BFRP applications in strengthening structures against blast loads. JIANGSU SOBUTE NEW MATERIALS CO LTD; STATE KEY LABORATORY OF DISASTER PREVENTION & MITIGATION OF EXPLOSION & IMPACT Curtin University of Technology $210,000 3
Western Australia Professor Kliti Grice The project aims to reduce the costs of drilling in deep-water offshore by better identifying potential drilling sites. The North-West shelf offshore Australia is the main supplier of liquefied natural gas. However, there is uncertainty about the age of petroleum (oil and gas) discovered in the region. It is not currently possible to constrain an age of fluids to a number of source rocks. The aims are to develop a high-level age discriminative tool for fluids. An interdisciplinary approach will be applied using state-of-the-art techniques including comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry, compound specific isotope analysis of hydrocarbons, clumped isotopes of methane and metagenomics. WOODSIDE PETROLEUM LTD. Curtin University of Technology $455,000 3
Western Australia Professor Shaomin Liu This project intends to pave the way for turning remote low-value Australian resources and greenhouse gases into valuable products. Most of Australian natural gas reserves are located in the remote north-west shelf, and many are small scale and thus cannot be economically harnessed using conventional methods such as pipeline transportation or gas liquefaction. In this project, a dry reforming reactor with novel catalysts will be designed for converting natural gas and carbon dioxide to syngas, which is an intermediate step of gas-to-liquid plant. By innovatively integrating advanced catalysis and heating technologies, reactor weight and operational costs will be minimised. ECO TECHNOL PTY LTD Curtin University of Technology $240,000 3
Western Australia Professor Abhijit Mukherjee This project aims to develop technologies to monitor the health of Australia’s ageing infrastructure with the use of a unique laser ultrasonic device. The laser device will be used to conduct experiments that are expected to develop a set of techniques for monitoring the critical areas of structures with most frequently observed ageing problems. Precise estimates of damage will be made by processing signals from a combination of simulation and experimental modelling. Feedback from the user community is expected to further improve the techniques. THE TRUSTEE FOR LASTEK UNIT TRUST/LASTEK PTY LTD Curtin University of Technology $159,698 3
Western Australia Professor John Howieson This project aims to develop nitrogen-fixing legumes adapted to the changing climate. Nitrogen fixation from legumes is worth $3 billion to the Australian agricultural economy, but changing rainfall patterns threaten much of this. One solution is to transition pasture growth to a reliance on perennial plants, which are less affected by unseasonal rain. Lebeckia ambigua is an outstanding perennial legume to begin this change, but its nitrogen fixation is compromised by nodulation failure caused by death of its symbiotic rhizobia. This project intends to improve the survival in acid and infertile soils of the unique rhizobial symbionts the research team has discovered for Lebeckia ambigua in South Africa. UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN; DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & FOOD; GLOBAL PASTURE CONSULTANTS PTY LTD; ALOSCA TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD Murdoch University $335,834 3
Western Australia Professor Michael Jones The project aims to develop non-genetically modified (non-GM) potato varieties with lower glycaemic index (GI) but good agronomic and culinary traits. Potato is the world's fourth-most important food. It is integral to the western diet and consumption is rising rapidly in Asia. However, the starch in cooked potato is readily digestible causing a rapid elevation of blood sugar levels on eating (i.e. it has a high GI). Long-term consumption of meals with high GI is associated with increased risk of obesity, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This project aims to use new genome editing methods to silence key genes that influence starch composition and thus develop non-GM potato varieties with lower GI to reduce these risks. POTATO MARKETING CORPORATION OF WA; HZPC R&D HOLLAND BV Murdoch University $290,000 3
Western Australia Dr Fiona Valesini This project aims to facilitate sustainable development in a fast-growing coastal region (Peel-Harvey, south-western Australia). By exploiting 30+ year data sets for this catchment-estuary system and integrating ecological, hydrological, biogeochemical, modelling and socio-economic expertise, this project seeks to link primary catchment drivers to estuarine health response (up to higher fauna), quantify estuarine ecological health and ecosystem services under historical and future scenarios, and test resilience across the human–natural system. Envisaged outcomes include evidence-based catchment planning solutions that optimise trade-offs between socio-economic development goals and minimal downstream impacts on estuarine health. DEPARTMENT OF PREMIER AND CABINET; CITY OF MANDURAH; PEEL-HARVEY CATCHMENT COUNCIL INC; SHIRE OF MURRAY; DEPARTMENT OF WATER; UNIVERSITY OF HULL Murdoch University $541,405 3
Western Australia Professor James Warren The project aims to provide a new understanding of Indo-Pacific history post-1000 based on an improved understanding of the interrelationship between natural environmental cycles and events, and social and political cycles and events. By employing specialists and methodologies in both the social and natural sciences, the project aims to identify tipping points or thresholds beyond which both social and natural systems change irrevocably. The anticipated outcome of the project highlights the importance of natural hazards as potential catalysts of historical change. Current societies might learn from these experiences to better understand disaster risk reduction in the context of anticipated climate variability. NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, SINGAPORE; UNIVERSITY OF PARIS 1 - PANTHEON-SORBONNE; UNIVERSITY OF HULL; CHANDERNAGOR INSTITUTE; LEIDEN UNIVERSITY, NETHERLANDS; MCGILL UNIVERSITY, CANADA; CENTER FOR INTEGRATED AREA STUDIES; ATENEO DE MANILA UNIVERSITY Murdoch University $374,516 3
Western Australia Professor Liang Cheng This project aims to improve predictions of hydrodynamic forces on small submarine cables and pipelines through comprehensive experimental modelling at 1:1 scale coupled with development of predictive numerical models. The focus will be on forces in unsteady flows. Present industry guidelines do not make allowance for potential reductions in forces for small diameter pipelines whose diameters are a similar length to the effective seabed boundary layer, thereby leading to overly conservative and costly stability design. Results from the experimental program and numerical model developed are expected to be used to improve the current industry design guidelines. WOODSIDE ENERGY LTD. The University of Western Australia $532,862 3
Western Australia Associate Professor Marylene Gagne This project aims to examine the effects of human resources practices on the attraction and retention of high-quality volunteers. Volunteers provide essential health and educational services to the Australian population, which makes it important for non-profit organisations to develop effective human resource practices that attract and retain the best people. However, non-profit organisations often struggle to attract and retain a sufficient number of volunteers. This project will examine the effects of three human resource practices on the thriving and organisational attachment of volunteers using theories of motivation and retention. This knowledge is intended to help governments and non-profit organisations improve on policies and procedures to manage Australia’s volunteer workforce sustainably. THE SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA/ WESTERN AUSTRALIAN BRANCH/THE SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA WESTERN AUSTRALIA; THE SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA VICTORIAN BRANCH/THE SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA VICTORIAN BRANCH SCOUTS VICTORIA; THE SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA TASMANIAN BRANCH/SCOUTS AUSTRALIA TASMANIAN BRANCH; SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUST SA BRANCH/SCOUT ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA SA BRANCH The University of Western Australia $589,847 4
Western Australia Professor Christophe Gaudin This project aims to develop an economic and efficient anchoring system for taut-moored wave energy converters to enable us to exploit sustainable wave energy resources. Australia’s potential near-shore wave energy resource is four times larger than the current total capacity of our installed power generation. But the development of ocean wave energy is presently hampered by expensive, traditional anchoring systems. Using better estimation of extreme loads, the project will use multidisciplinary approaches to investigate unique anchoring concepts with the aim of developing novel strategies to avoid the most extreme loads and enabling optimum anchor design. The outcomes of the project are intended to help to deliver economically viable wave energy projects. CARNEGIE WAVE ENERGY LIMITED/CARNEGIE CORP LTD The University of Western Australia $460,000 3
Western Australia Professor Stephen Hopper This project aims to assess the success of restoration in terms of ecological and genetic viability for plant species in the Fitzgerald River–Stirling Range region of Western Australia, where significant investment is being made in restoring connectivity at a landscape scale. The project intends to compare reproductive output, pollinator behaviour, mating, genetic diversity and pollen dispersal in restored sites with those of undisturbed natural vegetation. The project moves measures of restoration success beyond that of population establishment and survival to incorporate the evolutionary processes that provide long-term resilience, persistence and functional integration of restored populations into broader landscapes. DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; BOTANIC GARDENS & PARKS AUTHORITY; GONDWANA LINK LTD The University of Western Australia $400,000 3
Western Australia Professor Julie Lee This project aims to understand the complex relations between people’s life goals and their consumption behaviour, exploring age, life-stage and cohort effects. The intended outcomes of the project include a state-of-the-art interactive values-based website, basic knowledge about Australian values, values change and value-related behaviour, and business insight into value-based marketing. This project aims to apply the knowledge gained from a large scale study into Australian values and value change across the adult life-span in order to understand how people’s values influence their consumer and other decisions; providing information that will enable Australian organisations to improve their marketing activities and the nature of their promotional appeals. PUREPROFILE The University of Western Australia $510,247 3
Western Australia Professor Eric May This project aims to investigate the plugging of hydrate slurries in pipelines to determine under what conditions they will flow satisfactorily without forming a blockage. Hydrate blockages are expensive and hazardous occurrences in oil and gas operations, so current prevention systems aim to avoid hydrate formation altogether through over-design. These over-designed hydrate prevention systems are extremely expensive to build and costly to run during the operations phase. The project intends to examine the behaviour of hydrate slurry flow as a function of the oil's properties, amount of water and degree of turbulence. Outcomes are intended to be a sophisticated approach to avoiding hydrate blockages that is safe but more efficient and less costly. WOODSIDE ENERGY LTD. The University of Western Australia $420,000 3
Western Australia Associate Professor Ajmal Mian This project aims to develop a novel, reliable, low-cost system to detect poor bone health and assess fracture risk to help to prevent and manage osteoporosis-related fractures. Currently, osteoporosis-related fractures cost our health system millions of dollars annually and costs are increasing with our ageing population. Early detection of poor bone health will improve the effectiveness of preventive measures and ease this burden. Current methods include unreliable, crude clinical and visual guides that suggest osteoporosis screening. The project plans to develop a novel system by applying machine learning algorithms to radiology data which is commonly captured for diagnosing other conditions. MARIKA PTY LIMITED/MARIKA PTY LTD The University of Western Australia $250,000 3
Western Australia Professor Ladislav Mucina The project aims to deliver management tools that will help mining companies to meet restoration targets and to improve the field of trait-based predictive restoration ecology. Species-rich kwongan shrublands of south-west Australia are a biodiversity treasure. Despite their global and national conservation value, little is known about which plant traits are most important for community assembly and diversity maintenance. This project plans to use plant functional traits related to nutrient and water acquisition to predict plant community assembly under different soil resource availabilities and thus assist in successful rehabilitation of this native vegetation after closure of sand-mining operations. ILUKA RESOURCES LIMITED; TRONOX MANAGEMENT PTY LTD/TIWEST JOINT VENTURE; HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES; THE UNIVERSITY OF WAIKATO, NZ The University of Western Australia $354,000 3
Western Australia Professor Andrew Page The project aims to improve risk management in mental health. Risk management in mental health is currently hampered because there is no nationally agreed set of markers of deterioration. One strand of the project aims to improve safety procedures by identifying the bases of decisions about adverse outcomes (i.e. symptom deterioration) and testing this knowledge to understand and predict other adverse events (e.g. non-suicidal self-injury). A second strand aims to improve prediction of clinical deterioration and non-suicidal self-injury. By identifying ways to inform and implement decisions about risk management, the project intends to lay a foundation for the development of a nationally agreed set of markers for mental health deterioration to be used in occupational safety and health processes. PERTH CLINIC The University of Western Australia $150,000 3
Western Australia Professor Stephen Powles This project aims to identify the membrane transporter protein(s) that endows resistance to the herbicide 2,4-D in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). Wild radish is a particular problem in Australia due to its high competitiveness with crops and widespread resistance to other herbicides. 2,4-D resistance is rapidly increasing and threatening crop production in Australia and the United States. The anticipated outcome of the project is to identify strategies to minimise 2,4-D resistance in wild radish by interfering with the specific transporters that confer resistance and by taking advantage of the fitness cost associated with resistance in some populations. It is expected that this will help to improve crop yields and preserve 2,4-D as an effective herbicide. NUFARM AUSTRALIA LIMITED/NUFARM AUSTRALIA LTD The University of Western Australia $286,254 3
Western Australia Professor Peter Veth This project aims to examine the role that art has played in managing social and environmental change over the past 50 000 years. The project seeks to carry out the first systematic comparative analysis of different rock art repertoires and associated archaeology from the Kimberley and Arnhem Land. It is intended that identifying continuities and changes in this archaeological signature will provide direct evidence of how people adapted and signalled their identity. Intended outcomes are new understanding to contribute to inter-regional rock art studies and inform Indigenous and government heritage management practices. KIMBERLEY FOUNDATION AUSTRALIA; DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND WILDLIFE/DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION; DUNKELD PASTORAL CO. PTY. LTD./DUNKELD PASTORAL CO PTY LTD The University of Western Australia $865,905 5
Western Australia Professor Andrew Whiteley This project will endeavour to improve restoration technologies aimed at reconstructing diverse and resilient new plant communities following disturbance. The factors which govern successful outcomes of restoration are not fully understood. Current restoration practices rely on the soil microbial community to generate key microbial ecosystem services but their function in novel post-mining substrates modified with soil ameliorants is limited. The project aims to use next-generation DNA sequencing to elucidate the structure and function of microbial ecosystem dynamics in modified substrates and apply this understanding to improve restoration outcomes for species and communities affected by the expansion of mining activities in the Pilbara and nationally. BOTANIC GARDENS & PARKS AUTHORITY; AUSTRALIAN MINERAL FERTILISERS PTY LTD/AUSTRALIAN MINERAL FERTILISERS The University of Western Australia $355,000 3