Linkage Projects

ARC Centres of Excellence

Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities

Industrial Transformation Research Program

Discovery Projects 

Discovery Early Career Researcher Awards

Future Fellowships

Australian Laureate Fellowships

The ARC’s overarching aim in supporting international research collaboration is to maximise Australia’s contribution to and benefits from international research collaborations, partnerships, developments and policy.

Supporting international collaboration through ERA

One of the ARC's guiding principles is a commitment to engagement with government, universities, research agencies, business and the wider community nationally and internationally. The Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) program is linked to this engagement.

A key objective of ERA is to allow for comparisons of Australia's research nationally and internationally across all discipline areas within higher education institutions. ERA provides assurance to the international community about research excellence within Australia's higher education providers and details areas within institutions and disciplines that are internationally competitive, as well as highlighting emerging areas where there are opportunities for further investment and international collaboration.

International parties can consult ERA results to help guide research investment into the future and to increase confidence that their decisions are based on a transparent assessment of research quality within Australia. ERA will help to achieve the Government's vision of boosting international research collaboration within Australia.

More information about the ERA initiative can be found on the ARC ERA page.

Funding collaboration through NCGP grants

The ARC is committed to creating and enhancing international research collaboration opportunities under the NCGP. Under current arrangements, support for international research collaboration is incorporated within each of the funding schemes of the NCGP. More information on international funding opportunities can be found on the Information for International Researchers page.

International Research Collaboration in recent years

Since the inception of the NCGP, the ARC has actively supported international research collaboration through its various schemes. The information below provides insight into ARC’s support of international research collaborations, including overall statistics from the commencement of the NCGP, and more recent examples of scheme-specific collaborations.

In referring to instances of collaboration, the ARC draws from information collected at the application stage–where researchers are asked to indicate an intention to collaborate with other countries. As ARC schemes allow collaborations with multiple countries on a single project, where the data provided refers to ‘Instances of international research collaboration’ figures must not be summed.

For more detailed statistics on funding outcomes please visit the Grants Dataset.

Table 1. Number of new and ongoing projects with international research collaborations on ARC-funded research projects since 2011, by funding allocation year 

Country

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

United States of America

1752

1807

1829

1742

1608

1623

1543

United Kingdom

1061

1081

1116

1078

998

995

967

Germany

572

596

584

554

486

520

502

China

376

385

398

395

413

429

433

Canada

391

390

391

360

339

340

345

France

418

423

416

366

324

329

325

Japan

291

280

280

254

232

229

225

New Zealand

220

226

239

211

193

195

191

Netherlands

188

200

214

203

188

186

178

Switzerland

164

166

172

183

170

154

152

Singapore

115

117

125

130

125

142

149

Italy

178

172

183

168

152

151

142

Sweden

140

146

146

142

128

122

122

Denmark

100

109

106

108

98

108

115

Spain

100

118

121

126

111

119

111

Belgium

82

70

83

82

82

81

90

India

95

81

87

85

83

72

68

Korea, Republic of (South)

67

63

61

61

65

66

59

Israel

65

60

58

59

56

64

59

Brazil

36

38

43

46

53

59

57

Finland

49

51

50

52

52

50

49

South Africa

70

65

60

61

55

48

49

Indonesia

67

68

70

69

63

54

47

Norway

64

62

71

71

60

54

46

Austria

66

67

66

55

47

44

45

Other

656

650

691

668

615

552

538

Total

7383

7491

7660

7329

6796

6786

6607


*The data provided in this table refers to the top 25 countries of research collaboration on new and ongoing ARC funded projects.

**The data in this table refers to instances of collaboration and represents all new and ongoing projects that have a funding allocation in a given year. Some projects involve collaboration with more than one country and therefore are represented more than once in these figures.

***The table does not include projects that may have been funded under the Special Research Initiatives scheme and the Linkage Learned Academies Special Projects scheme.

****The information shown is limited to that which was current at the time research proposals were approved for funding and accordingly excludes any post-award variations that may subsequently have been approved.

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Linkage Projects 

For funding commencing in 2016, the ARC approved 320 proposals for funding with a funding allocation of over $115.3 million (over the life of these projects).

Table 2. Comparison of total proposal numbers, proposal numbers involving instances of international research collaborations, Linkage Projects from 2010 to 2016 

Funding Year

Total Proposals considered

Total Proposals approved

Success rate for Total Proposals approved

Proposals involving international research collaborations considered

Proposals involving international research collaborations approved

2010*

982

429

43%

461

257

2011*

933

405

43%

532

256

2012*

922

336

36%

533

195

2013

785

306

39%

470

175

2014

699

251

36%

467

183

2015

710

252

36%

472

206

2016

967

320

33%

667

231

*Please note that in 2010, 2011 and 2012 two Linkage Projects selection rounds were held per year. For the purposes of this data analysis, data collected have been combined for both selection rounds per year.

Table 3. Instances of international research collaborations on Linkage Projects 2016, per country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

 
 

Argentina

1

 

Austria

3

 

Belgium

3

 

Canada

7

 

Chile

3

 

Chilean Antarctic Territory

1

 

China

26

 

Czech Republic

1

 

Denmark

5

 

Fiji

1

 

Finland

2

 

France

8

 

Germany

13

 

Greece

1

 

India

1

 

Indonesia

2

 

Ireland

1

 

Israel

1

 

Italy

6

 

Japan

4

 

Kazakhstan

1

 

Kiribati

1

 

Korea, Republic of (South)

2

 

Luxembourg

1

 

Malaysia

1

 

Micronesia, Federated States of

1

 

Netherlands

2

 

New Zealand

14

 

Philippines

1

 

Portugal

1

 

San Marino

1

 

Singapore

4

 

South Africa

2

 

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ARC Centres of Excellence 

For funding commencing in 2017, all approved proposals for ARC Centres of Excellence indicated international research collaborations with at least one country, with the majority indicating international research collaboration with seven or more countries. Overall, the approved proposals indicated collaboration with 18 countries.

Table 4. International research collaboration for the ARC Centres of Excellence 2017, by country of collaboration

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Austria

1

Belgium

1

Canada

2

China

5

Denmark

2

England

9

France

4

Germany

8

Indonesia

2

Italy

3

Japan

2

Netherlands

2

New Zealand

1

Norway

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Singapore

2

Switzerland

3

United States of America

9

Total

58

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Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities 

For funding commencing in 2017, of the proposals approved for funding, 26 foreshadowed 106 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 31 overseas locations.

Table 5. Instances of International research collaboration by location in approved LIEF 2017 proposals

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Belgium

1

Brazil

1

Canada

7

China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)

4

Denmark

2

England

16

France

4

Germany

13

India

1

Ireland

1

Italy

2

Japan

7

Korea, Republic of (South)

1

Malaysia

1

Monaco

1

Morocco

1

Netherlands

2

New Zealand

5

Northern Ireland

1

Saudi Arabia

1

Scotland

1

Singapore

3

Slovenia

1

South Africa

1

Spain

1

Switzerland

3

Thailand

1

Ukraine

2

United States of America

19

Total

103

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Industrial Transformation Research Program 

Industrial Transformation Research Hubs

Table 6. Instances of international research collaboration by location on approved Industrial Transformation Research Hubs for funding in 2017 proposals

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Canada

1

China

1

Denmark

1

Finland

1

France

1

Germany

1

Ireland

1

Japan

1

New Zealand

1

Singapore

1

Sweden

1

United Kingdom

1

United States of America

2

Total

14

 

Industrial Transformation Training Centres

Table 7. Instances of international research collaboration on approved Industrial Transformation Training Centres for funding in 2017 proposals

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Denmark

1

China

5

Germany

2

Ireland

2

Israel

1

Japan

1

Singapore

1

United Kingdom

2

United States of America

6

Total

21

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Discovery Projects 

For funding commencing in 2017, the ARC approved 630 proposals for funding with a funding allocation of over $234 million, over the life of these projects. Of the approved projects, 488 foreshadowed 952 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 55 overseas locations.

Table 8. Comparison of total proposal numbers, proposal numbers involving international research collaboration

Funding Year

Total Proposals considered

Total Proposals approved

Proposals involving international research collaborations considered

Proposals involving international research collaborations approved

2013

3425

732

1948

462

2014

3534

703

2027

443

2015

3689

665

2279

452

2016

3584

635

2441

476

2017

3540

630

2538

488

 

Table 9. Instances of international research collaborations on Discovery Projects 2017, by country

Country

Instance of international research collaboration

United States of America

209

England

153

Germany

73

China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)

71

Canada

58

France

51

Japan

37

New Zealand

26

Italy

26

Netherlands

25

Singapore

23

Denmark

21

Belgium

18

Switzerland

17

Spain

16

Sweden

15

India

9

Austria

8

Brazil

7

South Africa

7

Israel

6

Indonesia

6

Finland

5

Taiwan

5

Korea, Republic of (South)

4

Ireland

4

Norway

4

Russian Federation

4

Greece

4

Poland

3

Thailand

3

Chile

3

Northern Ireland

3

Hungary

2

Laos

2

Vietnam

2

Saudi Arabia

2

Argentina

2

Cambodia

2

Lithuania

1

Cuba

1

Estonia

1

Central African Republic

1

Mexico

1

Ukraine

1

Panama

1

Iran

1

Malaysia

1

Sierra Leone

1

Timor-Leste

1

Pakistan

1

Namibia

1

Uzbekistan

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Portugal

1

Total

952

 

Discovery International Awards (DIAs) awarded under the Discovery Projects scheme, aim to enhance opportunities for collaboration among researchers, research teams and/or research centres in Australia and overseas, and to build Australia’s international research capability.

Table 10. Number of Discovery Projects 2017 proposals approved for one or more Discovery International Award (DIA)

Funding year

Number of submitted Proposals requesting one or more DIAs

Number of Proposals approved for one or more DIAs

2015

755

100

2016

698

127

2017

660

97

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Discovery Early Career Researcher Awards 

Table 11. Instances of international research collaborations on DECRA 2017, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

United States of America

77

England

45

Germany

23

China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)

21

Canada

15

Japan

12

France

10

Spain

9

Netherlands

8

New Zealand

6

Sweden

5

Denmark

5

Switzerland

5

Singapore

4

South Africa

4

Belgium

3

Korea, Republic of (South)

3

Thailand

3

Timor-Leste

3

Indonesia

3

Papua New Guinea

3

Austria

2

Chile

2

Mexico

2

Brazil

2

Finland

2

Italy

2

Malaysia

2

Taiwan

2

India

2

Saudi Arabia

2

Central African Republic

1

Czech Republic

1

Ireland

1

Israel

1

Lithuania

1

Serbia

1

Uruguay

1

Congo, Democratic Republic of

1

Iran

1

Mali

1

Norway

1

Haiti

1

Myanmar, The Republic of the Union of

1

Paraguay

1

Philippines

1

Russian Federation

1

Vanuatu

1

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

1

Zambia

1

Zimbabwe

1

Argentina

1

Botswana

1

Greece

1

Kenya

1

Madagascar

1

Nigeria

1

Northern Ireland

1

Qatar

1

South Sudan

1

Vietnam

1

Total

317

 

Proposals were open to Eligible Organisations to nominate candidates who are promising early career researchers, resident either within Australia or overseas. Of the proposals approved, 60 were noted as foreign nationals.

Table 12. Citizenship/residency status of DECRA 2017 Candidates and approved Awardees

Citizenship/residency status

Proposals considered

% of Proposals considered

Proposals approved

Success rate (%)

Foreign Nationals

353

29.5%

60

17.0%

Resident Australians

752

62.8%

124

16.5%

Returning Australians

65

5.4%

13

20.0%

Unspecified

27

2.3%

3

11.1%

Total

1197

100%

200

16.7%

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Future Fellowships 

For funding commencing in 2017, the ARC awarded 91 Future Fellowships of which 13 were noted as foreign nationals. Of the fellowships approved for funding, 86 foreshadowed 244 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 41 overseas locations.

Table 13. Instances of international research collaborations on Future Fellowships 2017, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

United States of America

58

United Kingdom

45

Germany

18

Canada

14

China

11

France

11

Netherlands

8

New Zealand

8

Sweden

8

Spain

7

Japan

6

Singapore

5

Switzerland

5

Austria

4

Belgium

3

Denmark

3

Israel

3

Brazil

2

Chile

2

South Africa

2

Argentina

1

Bangladesh

1

Egypt

1

Finland

1

India

1

Indonesia

1

Ireland

1

Italy

1

Jordan

1

Lebanon

1

Nepal

1

Pakistan

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Peru

1

Philippines

1

Poland

1

Russian Federation

1

Solomon Islands

1

Sri Lanka

1

Tanzania

1

Vietnam

1

Total

244

 

Table 14. Citizenship/residency status of Future Fellowships 2017 Candidates and approved Awardees

Citizenship/residency status

Proposals considered

% of Proposals considered

Proposals approved

Success rate (%)

Foreign Nationals

48

16.33%

13

27.08%

Resident Australians

235

79.93%

74

31.49%

Returning Australians

11

3.74%

4

36.36%

Total

294

100%

91

30.95%

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Australian Laureate Fellowships

For funding commencing in 2017, the ARC approved 17 Australian Laureate Fellowships Proposals, of which 16 foreshadowed 60 instances of international collaboration located in 23 countries. All 17 laureate fellowships were awarded to Australian residents. 

Table 15. Instances of international research collaborations Australian Laureate Fellowships 2017, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

United States of America

13

United Kingdom

7

France

6

Germany

5

China

4

Belgium

3

Netherlands

3

Japan

2

Singapore

2

Sweden

2

Canada

1

Iceland

1

India

1

Indonesia

1

Israel

1

Italy

1

Kenya

1

Republic of South Korea

1

New Zealand

1

Portugal

1

Russian Federation

1

Spain

1

Switzerland

1

Total

60

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