The ARC’s overarching aim in supporting international research collaboration is to maximise Australia’s contribution to and benefits from international research collaborations, partnerships, developments and policy. 

International Research Collaboration in recent years

Since the inception of the NCGP, the ARC has actively supported international research collaboration through its various schemes. The information below provides insight into the ARC’s support of international research collaborations, including overall statistics from the commencement of the NCGP, and more recent examples of scheme-specific collaborations.

In referring to instances of collaboration, the ARC draws from information collected at the application stage—where researchers are asked to indicate an intention to collaborate with other countries. As ARC schemes allow collaborations with multiple countries on a single project, where the data refers to ‘Instances of international research collaboration’ figures must not be summed.

For more detailed statistics on funding outcomes please visit the Grants Dataset.

Table 1. All ARC schemes, instances of international collaboration on new and ongoing projects, 2011 to 2018, by funding allocation year 

Country

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

United States of America

1752

1807

1829

1742

1608

1601

1547

1454

United Kingdom

1061

1081

1116

1078

998

986

969

919

Germany

572

596

584

554

486

516

503

489

China

376

385

398

395

413

421

433

420

Canada

391

390

391

360

339

337

345

322

France

418

423

416

366

324

326

326

310

Japan

291

280

280

254

232

229

225

202

New Zealand

220

226

239

211

193

192

192

189

Netherlands

188

200

214

203

188

184

179

170

Switzerland

164

166

172

183

170

153

152

150

Singapore

115

117

125

130

125

141

149

144

Italy

178

172

183

168

152

148

142

123

Sweden

140

146

146

142

128

120

123

113

Denmark

100

109

106

108

98

107

116

110

Spain

100

118

121

126

111

119

111

103

Belgium

82

70

83

82

82

80

90

79

India

95

81

87

85

83

72

68

63

Israel

65

60

58

59

56

63

59

63

Republic of South Korea

67

63

61

61

65

66

59

56

Austria

66

67

66

55

47

44

45

52

Indonesia

67

68

70

69

63

54

48

46

South Africa

70

65

60

61

55

47

49

46

Brazil

36

38

43

46

53

59

57

43

Norway

64

62

71

71

60

54

46

40

Finland

49

51

50

52

52

48

49

39

Other

656

650

691

668

615

545

541

507

Total

7383

7491

7660

7329

6796

6712

6623

6252

*The data provided in this table refers to the top 25 countries of research collaboration on new and ongoing ARC funded projects.

**The data in this table refers to instances of collaboration and represents all new and ongoing projects that have a funding allocation in a given year. Some projects involve collaboration with more than one country and therefore are represented more than once in these figures.

***The table does not include projects that may have been funded under the Special Research Initiatives scheme and the Linkage Learned Academies Special Projects scheme.

****The information shown is limited to that which was current at the time research proposals were approved for funding and accordingly excludes any post-award variations that may subsequently have been approved.

*****The data for 2018 is not complete as outcomes for some schemes have not yet been finalised.

Linkage Projects 

For funding commencing in 2016, the ARC approved 235 proposals for funding.

Table 2. Comparison of total proposal numbers, proposal numbers involving instances of international research collaborations, Linkage Projects from 2010 to 2016

Funding Year

Total Proposals considered

Total Projects approved

Success rate

Proposals involving international research collaborations considered

Projects involving international research collaborations approved

2010*

982

429

44%

356

187

2011*

933

405

43%

331

159

2012*

922

336

36%

361

136

2013

785

306

39%

325

133

2014

699

251

36%

333

127

2015

710

252

35%

342

134

2016

754

235

31%

354

119

*In 2010, 2011 and 2012 two Linkage Projects selection rounds were held per year. For the purposes of this data analysis, data collected have been combined for both selection rounds per year.

**Data for 2017 and 2018 is not provided as selection rounds are not complete.

Table 3. Instances of international research collaborations on Linkage Projects 2016, per country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Argentina

1

Austria

3

Belgium

3

Canada

7

Chile

3

Chilean Antarctic Territory

1

China

26

Czech Republic

1

Denmark

5

Fiji

1

Finland

2

France

8

Germany

13

Greece

1

India

1

Indonesia

2

Ireland

1

Israel

1

Italy

6

Japan

4

Kazakhstan

1

Kiribati

1

Korea, Republic of (South)

2

Luxembourg

1

Malaysia

1

Micronesia, Federated States of

1

Netherlands

2

New Zealand

14

Philippines

1

Portugal

1

San Marino

1

Singapore

4

South Africa

2

ARC Centres of Excellence 

For funding commencing in 2017, all approved proposals for ARC Centres of Excellence indicated international research collaborations with at least one country, with the majority indicating international research collaboration with seven or more countries. Overall, the approved proposals indicated collaboration with 18 countries.

Table 4. International research collaboration for the ARC Centres of Excellence 2017, by country of collaboration

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Austria

1

Belgium

1

Canada

2

China

5

Denmark

2

England

9

France

4

Germany

8

Indonesia

2

Italy

3

Japan

2

Netherlands

2

New Zealand

1

Norway

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Singapore

2

Switzerland

3

United States of America

9

Total

58

Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities 

For funding commencing in 2018, of the projects approved for funding, 27 foreshadowed 98 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 30 overseas locations.

Table 5. LIEF 2018, instances of International research collaboration by country 

Country

Instances of international research collaboration 
(no.)

Argentina

1

Austria

1

Belgium

1

Brazil

2

Canada

1

China

8

Colombia

1

Czech Republic

1

Denmark

1

United Kingdom

9

Finland

1

France

7

Germany

12

India

2

Israel

1

Italy

4

Japan

4

Republic of South Korea

1

Mexico

1

Netherlands

4

New Zealand

3

Poland

1

Portugal

1

Romania

1

Singapore

3

Slovenia

1

Spain

3

Sweden

1

Switzerland

4

United States of America

17

Industrial Transformation Research Program 

Industrial Transformation Research Hubs

Table 6. Instances of international research collaboration by location on approved Industrial Transformation Research Hubs for funding in 2017 proposals

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Canada

1

China

1

Denmark

1

Finland

1

France

1

Germany

1

Ireland

1

Japan

1

New Zealand

1

Singapore

1

Sweden

1

United Kingdom

1

United States of America

2

Total

14

Industrial Transformation Training Centres

Table 7. Instances of international research collaboration on approved Industrial Transformation Training Centres for funding in 2017 proposals

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

Denmark

1

China

5

Germany

2

Ireland

2

Israel

1

Japan

1

Singapore

1

United Kingdom

2

United States of America

6

Total

21

Discovery Projects 

For funding commencing in 2018, the ARC approved 594 projects for funding with a funding allocation of over $226 million, over the life of the projects. Of the approved projects, 472 foreshadowed 950 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 69 overseas locations.

Table 8. Discovery Projects 2018, comparison of total proposal numbers and proposal numbers involving international research collaboration

Funding Year

Total Proposals considered

(no.)

Total Projects approved

(no.)

Proposals involving international research collaborations considered

(no.)

Projects involving international research collaborations approved

(no.)

2013

3425

732

1948

462

2014

3534

703

2027

443

2015

3689

665

2279

452

2016

3584

635

2441

476

2017

3540

630

2538

488

2018

3136

594

2392

472

Table 9. Discovery Projects 2018, Instances of international research collaboration by country

Country

Instance of international research collaboration
(no.)

United States of America

245

United Kingdom

143

Germany

72

China

68

Canada

50

France

45

Japan

29

New Zealand

28

Switzerland

27

Netherlands

25

Singapore

19

Sweden

15

Denmark

14

Italy

14

Spain

12

Austria

11

Belgium

10

India

10

Republic of South Korea

8

Israel

7

South Africa

7

Indonesia

6

Ireland

5

Norway

5

Taiwan

5

Thailand

5

Finland

4

Philippines

4

Czech Republic

3

Russian Federation

3

Vietnam

3

Argentina

2

Brazil

2

Estonia

2

Fiji

2

Malaysia

2

Mexico

2

Poland

2

Slovenia

2

Turkey

2

Vanuatu

2

Belize

1

Bosnia and Herzegovina

1

Cambodia

1

Chile

1

Cook Islands

1

Cyprus

1

Ecuador

1

Greece

1

Hungary

1

Kenya

1

Kiribati

1

Laos

1

Luxembourg

1

Marshall Islands

1

Myanmar

1

Nepal

1

Pakistan

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Portugal

1

Samoa

1

Saudi Arabia

1

Serbia

1

Slovakia

1

South Sudan

1

Uganda

1

United Arab Emirates

1

Uruguay

1

Venezuela

1

Discovery International Awards (DIAs) awarded under the Discovery Projects scheme, aim to enhance opportunities for collaboration among researchers, research teams and/or research centres in Australia and overseas, and to build Australia’s international research capability.

Table 10. Number of Discovery Projects projects approved for one or more Discovery International Award (DIA) since 2015

Funding year

Proposals submitted requesting one or more DIAs
(no.)

Projects approved for one or more DIAs
(no.)

2015

755

100

2016

698

127

2017

660

97

2018

591

100

Discovery Early Career Researcher Awards 

Table 11. DECRA 2018, instances of international research collaborations, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration
(no.)

United States of America

76

United Kingdom

44

Germany

26

China

25

Canada

18

France

12

Netherlands

10

New Zealand

10

Switzerland

10

Singapore

8

Italy

5

Austria

4

Israel

4

Japan

4

Republic of South Korea

4

Spain

4

Sweden

4

Denmark

3

Finland

3

Thailand

3

Belgium

2

Brazil

2

India

2

Papua New Guinea

2

Poland

2

Indonesia

1

Ireland

1

Malaysia

1

Myanmar

1

Norway

1

Oman

1

Palau

1

Pitcairn Islands

1

Qatar

1

Russian Federation

1

Saudi Arabia

1

South Africa

1

Sri Lanka

1

Taiwan

1

Turkey

1

Table 12. DECRA 2018, citizenship/residency status of Candidates and approved Awardees

Citizenship/residency status

Proposals considered
(no.)

Percentage of Proposals considered

Projects approved
(no.)

Success rate

Foreign National

370

31%

60

16.2%

Resident Australian

789

65%

129

16.3%

Returning Australian

53

4%

8

15.1%

 Total

1212

100%

197

16.3%

Future Fellowships 

For funding commencing in 2017, the ARC awarded 91 Future Fellowships of which 13 were noted as foreign nationals. Of the fellowships approved for funding, 86 foreshadowed 244 instances of international research collaboration with researchers in 41 overseas locations.

Table 13.  Instances of international research collaborations on Future Fellowships 2017, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

United States of America

58

United Kingdom

45

Germany

18

Canada

14

China

11

France

11

Netherlands

8

New Zealand

8

Sweden

8

Spain

7

Japan

6

Singapore

5

Switzerland

5

Austria

4

Belgium

3

Denmark

3

Israel

3

Brazil

2

Chile

2

South Africa

2

Argentina

1

Bangladesh

1

Egypt

1

Finland

1

India

1

Indonesia

1

Ireland

1

Italy

1

Jordan

1

Lebanon

1

Nepal

1

Pakistan

1

Papua New Guinea

1

Peru

1

Philippines

1

Poland

1

Russian Federation

1

Solomon Islands

1

Sri Lanka

1

Tanzania

1

Vietnam

1

Total

244

Table 14. Citizenship/residency status of Future Fellowships 2017 Candidates and approved Awardees

Citizenship/residency status

Proposals considered

% of Proposals considered

Proposals approved

Success rate (%)

Foreign Nationals

48

16.33%

13

27.08%

Resident Australians

235

79.93%

74

31.49%

Returning Australians

11

3.74%

4

36.36%

Total

294

100%

91

30.95%

Australian Laureate Fellowships

For funding commencing in 2017, the ARC approved 17 Australian Laureate Fellowships Proposals, of which 16 foreshadowed 60 instances of international collaboration located in 23 countries. All 17 laureate fellowships were awarded to Australian residents. 

Table 15. Instances of international research collaborations Australian Laureate Fellowships 2017, by country

Country

Instances of international research collaboration

United States of America

13

United Kingdom

7

France

6

Germany

5

China

4

Belgium

3

Netherlands

3

Japan

2

Singapore

2

Sweden

2

Canada

1

Iceland

1

India

1

Indonesia

1

Israel

1

Italy

1

Kenya

1

Republic of South Korea

1

New Zealand

1

Portugal

1

Russian Federation

1

Spain

1

Switzerland

1

Total

60