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ISSN 1444-982X (print)

ISSN 2202-0683 (digital)

© Commonwealth of Australia 2016

All material presented in this publication is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia licence ( with the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, the Australian Research Council logo, images, signatures and where otherwise stated. For the avoidance of doubt, this means this licence only applies to material as set out in this document. The details of the relevant licence conditions are available on the Creative Commons website as is the full legal code for the CC BY 3.0 AU licence ( and enquiries regarding this licence should be addressed to ARC Legal Services on +61 2 6287 6600.

Cover: Enchanted places. Image courtesy: Professor Sean Connell, The University of Adelaide (and page 78);
Dr Kylie Catchpole. Image courtesy: Josephine McKeon; Abstract, (and page 104); Fluorescence staining of polysaccharides in barley leaf sheath. Image courtesy: ARC Centre of Excellence Plant Cell Walls; Musical score,; Red cells, iStock/David Marchal (and page 182); Orange circles, (and page vii), Clear blue water splashing everywhere, iStock/kirstypargeter (and page 154); Fluorescence staining of mucilage polysaccharides released from Plantago seed. Image courtesy: ARC Centre of Excellence Plant Cell Walls. Page 81 image of Dennis Del Favero courtesy of The University of New South Wales.